Research in Physics



Reference: KHTK Physics

Newton’s Principia

Einstein’s 1920 Book

Eddington’s 1927 Book

Einstein’s 1952 Appendix



The Criterion of Objectivity

Being Objective

An Outlook on Science

Action at a Distance

Faraday: Electrical Conduction & Nature of Matter

Faraday: Thoughts on Ray Vibrations

Newton: Basic Concepts

Faraday: On the Conservation of Force

Electromagnetic Theory

Faraday & Maxwell

Maxwell and Gravity

Maxwell’s Preface to his Book

A Study of Maxwell

Quantum Theory

Black-body radiation (Notes)

Einstein’s 1905 Paper on Light Quanta

Einstein’s Theory of Quantum

The Quantum Phenomena

Newton, Einstein & Quantum Mechanics

Classical to Quantum Mechanics

Energy, Substance & Quantization

The Disturbance Levels

Energy and Cycle


Electromagnetic Spectrum (Wikipedia)

The Spectrum of Substance

The Atomic Structure

A New Model of Atom

The Electromagnetic Spectrum

Electrons in Atom

Theory of Relativity

On the Theory of Relativity

Einstein’s 1905 Paper on Relativity (Part 1)

Einstein’s 1905 Paper on Relativity (Part 2)

Einstein’s 1905 Paper on Relativity

Einstein’s Paper on Relativity (1905)


Newton’s Laws of Motion

Newton, Einstein & Inertia



Relativity: The Special and General Theory (1920)

Michelson-Morley’s Null Result

Validity of Lorentz Transformation

Relativity & Problem of Space (1952)

The Problem of Relativity

Quantization & the Atom

Interpretation of Quantum Phenomena

Inertia, Geometry & Quantization

The Faraday Atom

The Nature of Space

Space & Einstein

A Look at Spacetime

The Problem of Space

The Nature of Spacetime

The Inertial Frame and Space

Obsolete: Space and Wavelength

Inertial frame of reference (Wikipedia)


The Problem of Inertia

Absolute Rest, Inertia & Motion

The Postulates

The Problem of Field

Frame of Reference & Einstein

Reference Frames: MRF vs SRF


WIKIPEDIA ARTICLES (with comments)


Comments on Electric Charge



Elementary particle

Charge carrier


Rest Mass

Wave Function

Einstein Solid

Thermodynamic temperature



Aberration of light in SRF

The Problem of Aether

The Philosophy of Cosmology



The Problem of Distance

Inertia of EM Field

Private: Matter in Disturbance Theory

Private: What is Substance?

Private: The Spectrum of Inertia

The Field

Inertia and Field

Time and Period

The Limitation of Einstein’s Theory

The Disturbance Theory

Universe & Inertia

Gravitational attraction

Gravitational attraction

A Conceptual Model of Inertia, Mass & Location



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  • vinaire  On April 22, 2016 at 4:43 PM

    The Planck’s constant ‘h’ has the units of ‘energy x time’; but it can be understood better as ‘energy per cycle’. It is the energy involved in the conversion of electrical to magnetic and then back to electrical field.


  • vinaire  On October 13, 2018 at 4:49 AM


    Here are my premises, using which I shall use to answer your question.

    (1) Space represents extension of substance. Time represents duration of substance. Therefore, there cannot be space and time in the absence of substance. This reduces your question to “How was substance created from nothing?”

    (2) Substance is more than just matter. We now know that a finer substance is the electromagnetic field. It is the electromagnetic field that condenses into matter in the nucleus of the atom. This reduces your question to “How was electromagnetic field created from nothing?”

    (3) Without electromagnetic field and its condensed form of matter there is just “emptiness”. Neither space nor time exists in this emptiness. The electromagnetic field appears as a disturbance in this emptiness. This reduces your question to, “What is emptiness and how it gets disturbed?”

    This, my friend, is a gazillion dollar question. The disturbance is there. There is no question about it. Once the disturbance is there it may transition back and forth in all these universal forms. But how did that disturbance got initiated is anybody’s guess.

    Other people try to answer this question using the idea of Big Bang. But nobody dares to tackle the question of how did that Big Bang got initiated in the first place.

    So the bottom line is that there is disturbance, and that the background of that disturbance is emptiness. And that is simply how it is.

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