*Reference: **KHTK Physics*

## R = REVIEWED

## Logic & Reality

### The Criterion of Objectivity (R)

### An Outlook on Science (R)

### The Background of Modern Physics (R)

### Physics & Objectivity** (R)**

### Inconsistencies and Knowledge (R)

### The Postulates (R)

### Physics & Reality (R)

### The Subjectivity in Physics (R)

## Space

### Substance, Space, Time and the Void (R)

### The “Particles in Void” Framework (R)

### Particle & Void (R)

### Emptiness, Void and Space (R)

**Void and Space (R)**

## Substance

### What is Substance? (R)

### Force, Substance & Spacetime (R)

**Matter, Light and Substance (R)**

### Matter and Substance (R)

### More on Substance (R)

### The Problem of Aether (R)

### The Problem of Space (R)

### Matter – Wikipedia

### Particle and Continuum (R)

## Quantum

### A Critique of Einstein’s Light Quanta (R)

### Einstein’s 1905 Paper on Light Quanta (R)

### Einstein 1938: The Quanta of Light

### The Quantum Particle

## Frame of Reference

### Reference Frames: MRF vs SRF (R)

*High Energy Gamma Rays Go Slower than the Speed of Light?*

### Frame of Reference & Einstein (R)

### Frame of reference (Wikipedia) (R)

### Inertial frame of reference (Wikipedia)

### Absolute Motion (R)

### Mass Density and Motion (R)

### The Local Frames of Reference

## Relativity

*Validity of Lorentz Transformation*

### Lorentz Transformations

### Einstein 1920: Lorentz Transformation

### Einstein 1920: Simple Derivation of the Lorentz Transformation

### Lorentz transformation

*Relativity & Problem of Space (1952)*

*The Problem of Relativity*

## Mass & Energy

### Mass, Energy and Time (R)

### The Dimension of “Mass” (R)

## Spectrum

### The Electromagnetic Spectrum (Old) (R)

### The Spectrum of Substance (R)

### The Logic of Field

### The Logic of Motion

## Particle & Continuum (Field)

### Nucleus, Electrons and Light

### Einstein 1938: Field and Matter

### Einstein 1938: Elementary Quanta of Matter and Electricity

### Einstein 1938: The Waves of Matter

### Quantum & Quantization

### Particle, Quantum and Density

### Wave-Particle Duality

## Wave Theory

### The Logic of Reality

### The Logic of Substance

.

## Unified Theory

### The Unified Field Theory

### The Dimensions of Physical Location

*Mass – Wikipedia*

*Faraday: Electrical Conduction & Nature of Matter*

*Faraday: Thoughts on Ray Vibrations*

*What is Substance?*

*The “Particles in Void” Framework*

## Motion & Force

*Inertia – Wikipedia*

*Newton: Inertia & the Laws of Motion*

*The Problem of Inertia*

*The Spectrum of Inertia*

*Absolute Rest, Inertia & Motion*

*Newton: Basic Concepts*

*Matter in Disturbance Theory*

**.**

*Faraday: On the Conservation of Force*

## Electromagnetism

*Maxwell’s Preface to his Book*

*A Study of Maxwell*

*Faraday & Maxwell*

*Maxwell and Gravity*

*Electromagnetic Spectrum (Wikipedia)*

*The Electromagnetic Spectrum*

*“Lines of Force” & Maxwell*

### The Field-Substance

## Light Particle

*Wave-Particle Duality*

*Newton, Einstein & Inertia*

## Quantum Particle

*Elementary Particle – Wikipedia*

*Particles in Space*

## Quantum Theory

*Black-body radiation (Notes)*

*Einstein’s 1905 Paper on Light Quanta*

*Einstein’s Theory of Quantum*

*The Quantum Phenomena*

*Newton, Einstein & Quantum Mechanics*

*Classical to Quantum Mechanics*

*Classical to Quantum Mechanics*

## Energy, Substance & Quantization

*The Disturbance Levels*

*Energy and Cycle*

*Quantization*

*Electromagnetic Spectrum (Wikipedia)*

*The Spectrum of Substance*

## The Atomic Structure

*A New Model of Atom*

*The Electromagnetic Spectrum*

*The Electromagnetic Spectrum*

*Electrons in Atom*

## Theory of Relativity

*On the Theory of Relativity*

*Einstein’s 1905 Paper on Relativity (Part 1)*

*Einstein’s 1905 Paper on Relativity (Part 2)*

*Einstein’s 1905 Paper on Relativity*

*Einstein’s Paper on Relativity (1905)*

.

## TO BE REVIEWED

*Relativity: The Special and General Theory (1920)*

*Michelson-Morley’s Null Result*

#### Quantization & the Atom

#### Interpretation of Quantum Phenomena

#### Inertia, Geometry & Quantization

*The Faraday Atom*

#### The Nature of Space

*Space & Einstein*

*A Look at Spacetime*

*The Nature of Spacetime*

*The Inertial Frame and Space*

*Obsolete: Space and Wavelength*

*Obsolete: Space and Wavelength*

*Inertial frame of reference (Wikipedia)*

*The Problem of Field*

*Frame of Reference & Einstein*

*Reference Frames: MRF vs SRF*

.

## WIKIPEDIA ARTICLES (with comments)

*Comments on Electric Charge*

*Energy*

*Time*

*Charge carrier*

*Rest Mass*

*Wave Function*

#### Einstein Solid

*Thermodynamic temperature*

.

## THE HISTORY

*Aberration of light in SRF*

*The Philosophy of Cosmology*

.

## PAPERS UNDER REVIEW

*The Problem of Distance*

*Inertia of EM Field*

*The Limitation of Einstein’s Theory*

*The Disturbance Theory*

*Universe & Inertia*

*Gravitational attraction*

*Gravitational attraction*

*A Conceptual Model of Inertia, Mass & Location*

.

## Comments

The Planck’s constant ‘h’ has the units of ‘energy x time’; but it can be understood better as ‘energy per cycle’. It is the energy involved in the conversion of electrical to magnetic and then back to electrical field.

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HOW WERE TIME, SPACE AND MATTER CREATED FROM NOTHING?

Here are my premises, using which I shall use to answer your question.

(1) Space represents extension of substance. Time represents duration of substance. Therefore, there cannot be space and time in the absence of substance. This reduces your question to “How was substance created from nothing?”

(2) Substance is more than just matter. We now know that a finer substance is the electromagnetic field. It is the electromagnetic field that condenses into matter in the nucleus of the atom. This reduces your question to “How was electromagnetic field created from nothing?”

(3) Without electromagnetic field and its condensed form of matter there is just “emptiness”. Neither space nor time exists in this emptiness. The electromagnetic field appears as a disturbance in this emptiness. This reduces your question to, “What is emptiness and how it gets disturbed?”

This, my friend, is a gazillion dollar question. The disturbance is there. There is no question about it. Once the disturbance is there it may transition back and forth in all these universal forms. But how did that disturbance got initiated is anybody’s guess.

Other people try to answer this question using the idea of Big Bang. But nobody dares to tackle the question of how did that Big Bang got initiated in the first place.

So the bottom line is that there is disturbance, and that the background of that disturbance is emptiness. And that is simply how it is.

https://www.quora.com/How-were-time-space-and-matter-created-from-nothing/answer/Vinay-Agarwala

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