Research in Physics


Reference: KHTK Physics


Eddington’s 1927 Book

Paper 1: An Outlook on Science

Paper 2: Quantization & the Atom

Paper 2: Interpretation of Quantum Phenomena

Paper 3: The Postulates

Paper 4: A Look at Spacetime

Paper 5: Space & Einstein

Paper 6: The Criterion of Objectivity

Paper 7: The Problem of Space

Paper 8: The Problem of Field

Paper 9: The Disturbance Levels

Paper 10: Frame of Reference & Einstein

Paper 11: Reference Frames: MRF vs SRF

Paper 12: Newton, Einstein & Inertia



Newton: Basic Concepts

Faraday: Thoughts on Ray Vibrations

Faraday: On the Conservation of Force

Faraday & Maxwell

Maxwell’s Preface to his Book

[1]: Relativity: The Special and General Theory (1920)

[2]: Relativity & Problem of Space (1952)

[3]: Einstein’s Paper on Light Quanta (1905)

[4]: Einstein’s Paper on Relativity (1905)

[0]: Black-body radiation (Notes)

[0]: Validity of Lorentz Transformation

[0]: Inertial frame of reference (Wikipedia)

[0]: Electromagnetic Spectrum (Wikipedia)


WIKIPEDIA ARTICLES (with comments)


Comments on Electric Charge




Elementary particle


Charge carrier


Rest Mass

Wave Function

Einstein Solid

Thermodynamic temperature



The Electromagnetic Spectrum

Newton’s Laws of Motion

Maxwell’s Preface to his Book

Michelson-Morley’s Null Result

Aberration of light in SRF

The Problem of Aether

The Philosophy of Cosmology



Paper 8: The Problem of Distance

Paper 7: The Spectrum of Substance

Paper 8: The Problem of Inertia

Paper 9: The Quantum Phenomena

Paper 10: Einstein’s Theory of Quantum

Absolute Rest, Inertia & Motion

Newton, Einstein & Quantum Mechanics

Inertia of EM Field

The Problem of Relativity

Private: Matter in Disturbance Theory

Private: What is Substance?

Private: The Spectrum of Inertia

The Field

Inertia and Field

Energy and Cycle

Obsolete: Space and Wavelength

Time and Period

The Limitation of Einstein’s Theory

Classical to Quantum Mechanics

The Inertial Frame and Space

The Nature of Spacetime

The Disturbance Theory

Universe & Inertia

Gravitational attraction

The Faraday Atom

Gravitational attraction

A Conceptual Model of Inertia, Mass & Location


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  • vinaire  On April 22, 2016 at 4:43 PM

    The Planck’s constant ‘h’ has the units of ‘energy x time’; but it can be understood better as ‘energy per cycle’. It is the energy involved in the conversion of electrical to magnetic and then back to electrical field.


  • vinaire  On October 13, 2018 at 4:49 AM


    Here are my premises, using which I shall use to answer your question.

    (1) Space represents extension of substance. Time represents duration of substance. Therefore, there cannot be space and time in the absence of substance. This reduces your question to “How was substance created from nothing?”

    (2) Substance is more than just matter. We now know that a finer substance is the electromagnetic field. It is the electromagnetic field that condenses into matter in the nucleus of the atom. This reduces your question to “How was electromagnetic field created from nothing?”

    (3) Without electromagnetic field and its condensed form of matter there is just “emptiness”. Neither space nor time exists in this emptiness. The electromagnetic field appears as a disturbance in this emptiness. This reduces your question to, “What is emptiness and how it gets disturbed?”

    This, my friend, is a gazillion dollar question. The disturbance is there. There is no question about it. Once the disturbance is there it may transition back and forth in all these universal forms. But how did that disturbance got initiated is anybody’s guess.

    Other people try to answer this question using the idea of Big Bang. But nobody dares to tackle the question of how did that Big Bang got initiated in the first place.

    So the bottom line is that there is disturbance, and that the background of that disturbance is emptiness. And that is simply how it is.

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