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BOOK: Creative Education

BOOK: The Disturbance Theory

BOOK: The Mindfulness Approach

A Critique of Scientology Philosophy

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What is Substance?

Substance1

Reference: Disturbance Theory

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Inertia characterizes the substance. If there is no inertia there is no substance, no interactions, and, therefore, no awareness. The interactions make us aware of substance. They form the basis of all our perceptions, feelings and experiences.

Matter is an aspect of substance that we are directly aware of. Matter has been contemplated upon since the beginning of human consciousness. It has long been thought to have been built out of discrete building blocks, the so-called particulate theory of matter.

Field is an aspect of substance that we are aware of only indirectly. We are aware of field when there are space, time and energy. Space is the manifestation of the extension of substance, time is the manifestation of changes in substance, and energy is the manifestation of interactions in substance. When that substance is not matter, then it is field.

There are other aspects of substance – the most obvious being thought; but such aspects are not part of physics yet. The disturbance theory focuses on the the matter and field aspects of substance. There is continuity, harmony and consistency among all different aspects of substance.

Matter and field interface with each other within the atom. The atom is mostly made up of a converging field that rapidly increases in frequency toward the center. At the center it ends up as matter. Matter consists of very high frequency that has condensed into mass. This interface between field and matter maintains continuity, harmony and consistency.

The above view of substance leads to some interesting conclusions. For example, a vacuum is not entirely empty even when there are no atoms and molecules of gaseous material. There is still field in that vacuum for space to be manifested. Furthermore, the idea that the fundamental constituents of atoms are point particles is a mathematical conjecture only. In reality, matter in atom uncondenses into field.

To summarize, matter directly forms the basis of all perception, feeling and experience. Field does so indirectly through space, time and energy. Matter and field, as substance, are the essential aspect of any interaction.

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The Spectrum of Inertia

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Reference: Disturbance Theory

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For a long time, in Physics, the basic substance was thought to be MATTER. Everything was matter. But this changed at the beginning of the 20th century. It was finally established that the electromagnetic phenomena consisted of a substance that was finer than matter. This substance was the electromagnetic field. The concept of substance suddenly expanded from matter to electromagnetic field consisting of a wide spectrum of frequencies.

The disturbance theory postulates that the actuality of substance is represented by inertia. Atomic matter is a substance of “high level” of inertia. Electromagnetic field is a substance of “low level” of inertia. Thus there is a spectrum of inertia. The lower part of this spectrum is occupied by the field. The upper part of this spectrum is occupied by matter. The field has its own spectrum that includes the electromagnetic spectrum. The matter also has a spectrum, that includes gases, liquids, solids, plasma, and the substances of neutron stars and black holes.

The zero on the spectrum of inertia is the theoretical point of zero inertia, which means complete “absence of substance”. We may label it as EMPTINESS. Emptiness is also be a point of non-actuality because actuality comes from the presence of substance. The disturbance theory postulates that actuality of substance appears in the form of a “disturbance”. It has a characteristic frequency. Thus, frequency is an indication of inertia. This is supported by the fact that frequency of radiation maintains itself until it is forced to change through some interaction.

Matter appears on this spectrum when the frequency has become so high that it collapses into mass. The appearance of nucleus within an atom is an example of this phenomenon. The Disturbance theory looks at atom as a whirlpool within the field where frequency is rapidly increasing toward the center. At the center, the frequency  becomes so high that it collapses into mass. Infinity of inertia indicates an extremely dense substance, such as that of the neutron star or black hole.

Space and time are characteristics of substances. They are not substances themselves.  Therefore, the presence of space and time indicates that there is some underlying substance. Thus matter has the characteristics of rigid space and enduring time.  On the other hand, field includes the whole electromagnetic spectrum and it behaves like the rough surface of a sea with its dynamically changing frequencies. The space of field is not rigid, and its time is fluctuating. The space that we see around us, has field underlying it. It is full of frequency gradients and force. This explains the presence of dark energy and dark matter in space. It is incorrect to think that space is something that matter occupies.

Thus, the spectrum of inertia ranges from theoretical zero frequency of EMPTINESS to “infinitely complex frequency” of extremely dense substance. This spectrum covers the range of all possible substances including so-called thought substance.

The spectrum of inertia is a brand new concept. It provides a structure to describe all possible substances. Its usefulness shall be ascertained with the unfolding of the disturbance theory.

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The Postulates of Disturbance Theory

Physics

Reference: Disturbance Theory

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The Disturbance Theory aims at clarifying the fundamentals of Physics. This theory consists of a sequence of “papers” that attempt to clarify the basic concepts.

The first paper addresses the postulates on which this theory is based.

Postulate #1: Existence evolves from a point of non-existence.

Postulate #2: The evolution of existence has the characteristics of continuity, harmony and consistency.

Corollary #1: Whenver we encounter a discontinuity, disharmony or inconsistency there is always some truth that we are not aware of.

Corollary #2: The moment we become aware of truth the apparent discontinuity, disharmony or inconsistency disappears.

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Here are some definitions that this book uses.

Science = a branch of knowledge or study dealing with a body of facts or truths systematically arranged and showing the operation of general laws

Physics = the science that deals with matter, energy, motion, and force.

Mechanics = the branch of physics that deals with the action of forces on bodies and with motion, comprised of kinetics, statics, and kinematics.

Kinetics = the branch of mechanics that deals with the actions of forces in producing or changing the motion of masses.

Statics = the branch of mechanics that deals with bodies at rest or forces in equilibrium.

Kinematics = the branch of mechanics that deals with pure motion, without reference to the masses or forces involved in it.

Body = an identifiable collection of matter.

Matter = a substance.

Substance = that of which a thing consists.

Thing = object of awareness.

Awareness = a disturbance in emptiness that has the characteristics of continuity, harmony and consistency.

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On the Theory of Relativity

 

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Reference: Disturbance Theory

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This was the title of a lecture given by Einstein at King’s College, London, 1921. It was published in Mein Weltbild, Amsterdam: Querido Verlag, 1934.

The Disturbance Theory summarizes this lecture as follows.

SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY: The ratio of space and time is constant, because they both are characteristics of the same field in terms of wavelength and period. Space and time contract and expand together with frequency.

GENERAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY: Inertia is generated by frequency and rotation. Gravitation is generated by frequency and gradient. Rotation is balanced by gradient. Therefore, inertial mass is equivalent to gravitational mass.

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Is the Universe Finite?

universe

Reference: Disturbance Theory

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Einstein, in his lecture of January 27, 1921, GEOMETRY AND EXPERIENCE, made a case for the universe being finite. He uses the postulates of his theory of relativity to make his point. The Disturbance theory provides a much simpler reasoning for making the same point as follows.

Per the Disturbance theory, the whole universe may be described in terms of disturbance. Most of the disturbance may be described by the electromagnetic spectrum. The Disturbance theory adds “Emptiness” for zero frequency at the bottom of the spectrum. It also adds matter at the upper end of the spectrum beyond gamma range.

Space describes the dimensions of the electromagnetic field and matter. At zero frequency there is neither field nor matter; and no space either. There is only emptiness, which is absence of all substance. Space and time describe the dimensions of substance. They don’t exist in the absence of substance.

The universe consists of the disturbance spectrum that describes both field and matter. The core of the universe is made up of matter, and it is bounded by zero frequency of emptiness. The universe is, therefore, finite. Beyond the universe is emptiness of no matter, no field, no space, no time, and no awareness.

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