Inertia, Geometry & Quantization

Geometry of space

Reference: Disturbance Theory


The Space Reference frame (SRF) highlights the dimension of inertia. Newton defines inertia as follows,

“The vis insita, or innate force of matter, is a power of resisting by which every body, as much as in it lies, endeavours to preserve its present state, whether it be of rest or of moving uniformly forward in a straight line.”

The status quo of a body is defined here in terms of rest or uniform motion in a straight line. But a “straight line” only means near zero curvature, which is approached as the radius approaches an infinitely large value.


Geometry & Inertia

Straight line relates to geometry of space.  Space is a property of substance. It expresses the extension of substance.  The fundamental substance is an electromagnetic cycle.  Per The Problem of Field,

“Something called “charge” triggers the electromagnetic cycle. This cycle is an oscillation between electrical flow and magnetic rotation. The electrical flow winds up as magnetic rotation. The magnetic rotation then unwinds back as electrical flow.”

The electric flow has the kinetic aspect of forward motion, which provides a sense of extension, or SPACE. The magnetic rotation has the potential aspect of holding motion in place, which provides a sense of duration, or TIME. Thus,

“The electromagnetic cycle consists of an oscillation between the “flow” of space and “rotation” of time. The relationship between space and time would depend on the frequency of oscillation. We perceive the ratio of space to time of an electromagnetic cycle as ‘c’ the speed of light.”

As frequency goes to zero space would seem to stretch out with its curvature approaching zero. The reverse seems to occur as frequency increases. In other words, the curvature of space seems to increase with frequency. Since frequency contributes to the substantial-ness, or inertia, of the electromagnetic substance, it seems that

The curvature of space increases with increase in inertia.


Inertia & Quantization

In the electromagnetic spectrum, space represents the extensions of the electromagnetic substance. The curvature of this space approaches zero towards the bottom of the electromagnetic spectrum. But as we move up the electromagnetic spectrum it starts to become very conspicuous towards the top. This is the basis of quantization.

The greater is the inertia of substance, the more quantized it appears.

This, in a way, was the subject of Einstein’s very first paper in 1905 on light quanta [see Einstein’s Paper on Light Quanta (1905)].

This phenomenon of quantization has been debated as the duality of wave and particle properties of electromagnetic substance. Even though the quantization appears to be particle-like, there is always an underlying continuity. Even a material particle of very high inertia has some degree of continuity with the space around it.

Underlying quantization there is always continuity of substance from higher to lower inertia.


Empty Space & Substance

“Empty space” is empty of matter only. When there is no matter, there is electromagnetic substance, which is not easily visible. But if the electromagnetic substance is not there, there won’t be empty space either. We may say that the electromagnetic substance is visible as empty space.

This may shed some light on the concepts of “dark energy” and “dark matter”. Any presence of dark energy and matter shall be accompanied by invisible curvatures in space. The curvatures shall change as the inertia of the electromagnetic substance changes.

Higher levels of inertia means more condensed regions. Therefore, regions of higher inertia shall appear inside the regions of lower inertia, just as higher elevations on a surface appear within lower elevations. Thus,

Contour maps of different inertial levels may be created within the “empty space”.


Further Research

Heavenly bodies are like regions of very high inertia that exist within with the regions of very low inertia of space. Very high gradients of inertia shall exist at the interface of matter with space, where continuity must exist.

Further research in this area may lead to a better understanding of gravity beyond the mathematical symbols that are often very confusing.


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  • vinaire  On December 18, 2019 at 6:35 AM

    A body when pushed in any direction resists that push. This resistance is called inertia of the body. It means that the body is already moving at its natural speed appropriate for its mass, and any deviation from that speed is resisted.

    This also means that after a body is deviated from its natural speed by the application of a force, it would then return to its natural speed when all external forces acting on it are removed.

    This logical observation differs from Newton’s first law of motion.


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