## The Criterion of Objectivity

##### Reference: Disturbance Theory

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In Relativity & Problem of Space Einstein expresses the principle of general relativity as follows:

#### Natural laws must be covariant with respect to arbitrary continuous transformations of the co-ordinates.

The coordinates refer to space-time that describes all phenomena. In other words,

All natural relationships in the universe must be consistent with each other.

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## Observed and Observer

We have postulated the following (see The Postulates):

#### The UNIVERSE is a single system that is intrinsically continuous, harmonious and consistent.

The universe is what it is. Its perceptions are what they are. The observer and observed are part of the same system. This leads to the following conclusion.

The essential criterion of objectivity is consistency, harmony and continuity among all observations.

The criterion of objectivity applies to the whole system, which includes both the observer and the observed.

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## Misconceptions

In Einstein’s view, the objectivity of space has already been established by the success of Newtonian mechanics. The objectivity of time is established only when more than one person experiences the event taking place. This agreement establishes that the event exists in the “real external world”. So, for Einstein, only “the external world” was objective and not the “internal world” of a person.

But the universe is an integrated whole. It doesn’t exclude anything. So, the following is arbitrary and unnecessary:

2. #### Time is mental and, therefore, subjective.

“Physical” and “mental” are attributes of the universe that are mutually dependent. They cannot be treated differently.

“External world” and “internal world”, are arbitrary labels, that invalidate the integrity of the universe.

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## Objectivity versus Subjectivity

Subjectivity is a departure from objectivity. We may say that

Subjectivity is the degree to which one fails to observe the consistency, harmony and continuity of the universe.

Thus, when there is subjectivity, there is something missing from observation. This alerts one to look for the missing datum.

The criterion of objectivity applies also to philosophy, logic, mathematics and science.

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## Further Research

We shall now apply the criterion of objectivity to lthe problem of space.