## The Electromagnetic Cycle

##### Reference: Disturbance Theory

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Electromagnetism is described by Maxwell’s equations. It describes how electric field E, and magnetic field B, influence each other and are created by charges and currents:

1. ∇⃗⋅ E = ρ/ϵ0
2. ∇⃗⋅ B = 0
3. ∇⃗× E = −∂B /∂t
4. ∇⃗× B = c−2E /∂t + μ0J

∇⃗ ⋅” is the divergence operator. The divergence is a measure of the flow of a vector field.

∇⃗ ×” is the curl operator. The curl is a measure of the rotation of a vector field.

The Maxwell’s equations may be interpreted as follows:

4. #### The rotation overshoots the point of equilibrium and starts unwinding as forward flow again.

This is like an oscillation taking place in the field in the form of electric flow and magnetic rotation under the influence of some charge. The charge may be perceived as a misalignment of frequency gradient, which then drives this back and forth interchange.

An electromagnetic cycle is then an oscillation of electric flow and magnetic rotation. Such electromagnetic cycles are in equilibrium with the atomic harmonic oscillators of the blackbody in the blackbody radiation.

#### We may consider the electric flow and magnetic rotation of electromagnetic cycle to correspond to the kinetic and potential energies of harmonic oscillators respectively.

The electric flow then has a kinetic aspect of forward motion through SPACE. It seems to provide the idea of wavelength, and a sense of extension. On the other hand, the magnetic rotation has a potential aspect of holding motion through TIME. It seems to provide the idea of period, and a sense of duration. Thus, it seems that there is a back and forth conversion of flowing space and stored time in the electromagnetic cycle. The universal constant ‘c’, or the speed of light, then provides a basic relationship between space and time.

When there is extremely low frequency, space and time appear to be infinite and almost indistinguishable. However, as the frequency increases, space and time subdivide into increasingly smaller segments and intervals. We then start to get an increasingly defined sense of space and time. The greater is the frequency the more defined are space and time.

The frequency of electromagnetic cycle is so high in the material domain that the segments of space and the intervals of time are practically infinitesimal. The extensions and durations that we perceive are clearly defined because they are made of infinitely refined bits. This refinement of perception in space and time has a constancy because it doesn’t change much with frequency.

#### The electromagnetic cycles collapse into a continuum of very high frequencies in our material domain, which provides the absolute and independent character to the space and time that we perceive.

This is the Newtonian domain of space and time. Einsteinian length contraction and time dilation does not occur in this Newtonian domain. It occurs at much lower electromagnetic frequencies.

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