KHTK Glossary (Metaphysics)

Reference: Course on Subject Clearing

This is the KHTK Glossary. You can find out more about KHTK at What is KHTK? This glossary is to be used with Subject Clearing.



Additional reference: Technical Dictionary


According to Hubbard, aberration is any deviation or departure from rationality. Aberration is used in dianetics to include psychoses, neuroses, compulsions and repressions of all kinds and classifications. All aberrations arise from unassimilated impressions called facsimiles. An aberration manifests itself as a fixation that prevents one from seeing things as they are.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “to wander, deviate.” Definition: “mental irregularity or disorder, especially of a minor or temporary nature; lapse from a sound mental state.”


An anomaly is any violation of the integrity of reality, such as, discontinuity (missing data), inconsistency (contradictory data), or disharmony (arbitrary data). An anomaly flags the presence of an impression on the mind, which is hidden under an assumption. When one spots the assumption, and becomes aware of the underlying impression, the anomaly resolves by producing a realization.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “irregular.” Definition: “an odd, peculiar, or strange condition, situation, quality, etc.; an incongruity or inconsistency.” 

An arbitrary consists of the assumption or projection made during the assimilation of perceptual elements to maintain continuity, consistency and harmony in the mental matrix. The arbitrariness exists because not all data is known. It generates anomalies when various data is associated. These anomalies show up as doubts and perplexities, which are then resolved by getting more precise data.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “uncertain, capricious.” Definition: “subject to individual will or judgment without restriction; contingent solely upon one’s discretion.” Example: “an arbitrary decision.

By enforced affinity, reality, or communication is meant the demand on the individual that he experience or admit affinity, reality, or communication when he has not felt it. An individual who has been subjected to enforced affinity, reality, and communication has an interrupted self-determinism.

The inhibition of affinity, communication, and reality is no less serious than their enforcement.

As sensations come in, the mind breaks them down into elements and relates them to the contents of mental matrix, such that there is continuity, consistency and harmony. This is assimilation. When the incoming sensations cannot be broken down into elements (as is the case of a trauma) they are left as unassimilated impressions in the matrix.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “made similar.” Definition: “taken in and incorporated as one’s own.”

Atman refers to consciousness. Jivatman refers to consciousness of a person. Paramatman refers to ultimate consciousness.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “to breathe.” Definition: “essence, nature, character, peculiarity, self.”


The basic purpose of humanity is to keep on evolving by resolving anomalies as it comes across them. This is because the humans spearhead the evolution in this universe.

Beingness is the quality, state, or condition of having existence. The beingness follows the laws of nature. Broad concept: “(I) am.” Example: “It has a crystalline, heartbreaking purity, that ontological beauty… of each object resonating in its beingness…”

The human body is material structure of the identity. It is composed of many different types of cells that together create tissues and subsequently organ systems. It comprises a head, neck, trunk, arms and hands, legs and feet.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “person in general.” Definition: “the physical structure and material substance of a person, animal or plant, living or dead.”

Body and Mind are not separate or independent of each other. They are part of a single system. This system extends beyond the solid body in the form of invisible electronic and electromagnetic layers. This is similar to the electronic and electromagnetic layers beyond the nucleus of an atom. The nucleus and its layers are all part of the spectrum of substance that is inherently animated.

The animated body-mind system is all that there is. The “I” is the viewpoint of this system. There is no separate soul, or thetan, that goes in and out of the body. In exteriorization, the viewpoint is no longer fixated on the solid body. Its attention moves freely throughout the extents of the body-mind system. There are different degree of exteriorizations. After freeing itself from the fixation on the solid body, it can still be fixated on some idea of “self.”

In death, the body-mind system disintegrates and, in some respects, it becomes part of the body-mind system of the universe. Neither the identity nor the individuality remain. But, then, from the body-mind system of the universe, precipitate new body-mind system with identity and individuality. The new body-mind systems may contain elements of old body-mind systems passed on through DNA.


CCH stands for Control, Communication Havingness. These are processes which bring a person into better control of his body, put him into better communication with his surroundings, and increase his ability to have things for himself. They bring him into the present, away from his past problems. 

By charge means the lower emotions of anger, fear, grief or apathy that a case is burdened with. A heavily charged case means a case with a heavy burden of grief due to losses. Broad concept: “load, burden.”

A circuit is a part of mind that behaves as though it were someone or something separate from him and that either talks to him or goes into action of its own accord, and may even, if severe enough, take control of him while it operates. Any circuit is simply a control or nullification “you” phrase which makes the individual compute differently than he ordinarily would and which walls up a certain portion of the analyzer for use against the individual. Broad concept: “to go round, circle.”

A circuit phrase is a “you” phrase. It is a phrase addressed from an exterior “I” to “you.” An example is, “I’ve got to protect you from yourself.” These phrases are received from persons who seek to nullify the independence of judgment of others. 

“The optimum individual; no longer possessed of any engrams. A clear is an individual who, as a result of dianetic therapy, has neither active nor potential psycho-somatic illness or aberration.” (Hubbard). In KHTK, a clear would be a person who is free of anomalies in his thinking and behavior. A gradient clearing takes place throughout a person’s life.

Communication is the interchange of perception through the material universe between organisms or the perception of the material universe by sense channels. More technically, “Communication is the consideration and action of impelling an impulse or particle from source point across a distance to receipt point with the intention of bringing into being at the receipt point a duplication and understanding of that which emanated from the source point.” (Hubbard)

Condition is a particular mode of being of a person or thing; existing state; situation with respect to circumstances.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “talk together, agreement, situation, mode of being.”

Consciousness depends on the degree of fineness of the matrix elements. Human consciousness is higher than the consciousness in animals because the human matrix elements are much finer. Consciousness may be plotted on a scale that extends from mystery to knowingness (C-scale). A point on this scale will represent a level of consciousness (C-point). The lowest point on this scale is the mystery of unconsciousness and waiting. The highest point of this scale is the knowingness of the laws of nature.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “to know together.” Definition: “the state of being conscious; awareness of one’s own existence, sensations, thoughts, surroundings, etc.”

Control is the ability to predict the change based on the knowledge of the natural laws. 


Dianetics is a subject researched and developed by L. Ron Hubbard, which was published in 1950 in the book: DIANETICS: The Modern Science of Mental Health. Hubbard says, “Dianetics consists of discovering the aberration in the individual, finding the physically painful experience which corresponds to it, and placing the data therein contained at the disposal of the analytical mind.” Broad concept: “through mind.”

The actual discovery of Dianetics is that the mind is capable of recording the details of events, such as, severe injury, delirium, or surgical anesthesia, while the person appears to be unconscious. These recorded impressions stay below the consciousness of a person and they affect his mind adversely. These impressions may only be removed by bringing them up to awareness.

Buddha (500 BC) knew of these impressions as “samskāra,” and he taught “mindfulness meditation” to help remove their adverse effects. In Dianetics, these impressions are called facsimiles and a trained practitioner, called “auditor,” applies dianetic techniques to a person to handle them. 

Those who have forced a person to do exactly what they desired with the mechanism of recrimination and denial of friendship or support unless instant compliance takes place. It seeks by anger and outright criticism, accusations, and other mechanisms to pound one into submission by making him less.

The EIGHTH DYNAMIC is the universe. It includes all the lower dynamics.

Hubbard defines DYNAMICS as, “The dynamics are the urge to survive expressed through eight divisions. (1) self, (2) sex, and the future generation, (3) the group, (4) mankind, (5) life, (6) MEST, (7) theta, (8) the Supreme Being.”

The above definition is from the viewpoint of an individual. From the viewpoint of the universe, Dynamic 8 is the Universe consisting of Dynamics 7 and 6. This means that the universe is not just physical, as spirituality is also an aspect of it. The universe evolves through the interplay of Dynamics 7 and 6, which leads to Dynamic 5. At the peak of this evolution is Dynamic 4, which is characterized in its activities by Dynamics 3, 2 and 1.


The ego is the awareness of oneself.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “I, conscious self.” Definition: “the ‘I’ or self of any person; a person as thinking, feeling, and willing, and distinguishing itself from the selves of others and from objects of its thought.” 

Egotism arises when “I” identifies itself with something and gets fixated on it.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “I, self-centered.” Definition: “excessive and objectionable reference to oneself in conversation or writing; conceit; boastfulness.”

Engrams are traumatic impressions of shock, and injury that did not get assimilated. Upon key-in, an engram manifests through aberrations and psychosomatic illnesses. Since an engram is not assimilated it cannot be perceived. It lies outside of consciousness.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “Something written within.”

Evolution means improvement of form. This means death of the existing form and birth of a better form. Evolution is not limited to Charles Darwin’s theory. The universe has been evolving since the so-called Big Bang. Fixation on survival has led to the desire for the permanence of an existing form. This is an anomaly.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “rolling out, unfolding.” Definition: “any process of formation or growth; development.” Example: “the evolution of a language; the evolution of the airplane.


A facsimile is a recording of the sensations from sense organs that has not been and assimilated in the mental matrix. They continue as unassimilated impressions. Examples of facsimiles are engrams, secondaries and locks. The mind is not aware of these facsimiles to the degree they are not assimilated. The unassimilated data of a facsimile may get inserted in a circuit and cause irrational thinking and adverse effects on the body. The solution lies in finding and assimilating the facsimile.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “make similar” Definition: “an exact copy, as of a book, painting, or manuscript.”


The Genetic Entity (GE) mentioned in Scientology is the programming carried forward by the DNA molecules from its earliest moments along the evolutionary line. This programming is not assimilated in the mental matrix. It is the same kind of impressions, which are referred to in Buddhism as SAMSKARAS .

A goal is the basic purpose inherent to an object, activity or terminal. It can be corrupted by artificially imposing another goal.

God is essentially the beingness of supreme consciousness.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “call, that which is invoked.” Definition: “the Supreme Being according to some particular religion or conception.” Example: “the God of Islam.” 


Havingness is the feeling that one owns or possesses. It is being fully in touch with the present environment.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “earthly beings.” Definition: “of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or having the nature of people.” Example: “human frailty.”

Hypnotism describes a very vulnerable state in which the guarding mechanisms of the mind are bypassed. In this state, the attention is narrow and focused like a laser beam. It leaves the awareness of present time altogether to focus on some past event of life. It is, therefore, able to penetrate and re-live past moments but with no perspective from the present. No memory of this enactment of the past remains when the person comes out of the hypnotic state. During this hypnotic state, “conclusions” may also be inserted, which, then, influence the thinking activity of the person without any memory of it later.


”I” is the viewpoint of self that continues to evolve during a life cycle. The “I” believes itself to be the identity but it is not the same because the identity remains the same during a life cycle.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “one.” Definition: “the nominative singular pronoun, used by a speaker in referring to himself or herself.”

An identity is made up of those characteristic of a person that remain the same throughout the life cycle. It distinguishes the person from others.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “same, always being itself, individuality.” Definition: “condition or character as to who a person or what a thing is; the qualities, beliefs, etc., that distinguish or identify a person or thing.” Example: “a case of mistaken identity; a male gender identity; immigrants with strong ethnic identities.

“It is a useful and positive principle that whatever confronts or contests the analytical mind of the preclear will also confront and contest the analytical mind of the auditor. When the auditor is acting as the analytical mind of the preclear, whatever emotion or antagonism is directed towards him is the emotion or antagonism which is directed by the reactive mind toward the preclear’s own analytical mind. If a preclear cannot hear what people are saying in his engrams, he has another engram about “can’t hear.” If he cannot feel anything in his engram, it is because he has an engram about “can’t feel.” If he cannot see, he has an engram about not being able to see, and so forth. If he cannot return, he has an engram about going back, or returning to childhood, or some such thing. If he is doubtful and skeptical about what is happening or what has happened to him, it is because he has an engram about being doubtful and skeptical. If he is antagonistic, his reactive mind contains a great deal of antagonism. If he is self-conscious or embarrassed, it is because his reactive mind contains self-consciousness or embarrassment. If he insists on maintaining his own control, refusing to do what the auditor tells him to do (although he is returned), it is because he has an engram about self-control, and so forth and so on. This is identity thought, and is used in diagnosis.” [DTOT, Chapter: DIAGNOSIS]

Immortality refers to those aspects of a person that are not subject to death and continue forever. Consciousness is such an aspect but person’s identity or individuality are not. Certain impressions may survive some life cycles, but they die out eventually. Man is always trying to penetrate mysteries and solve problems to know what is there. Man’s goal is the immortality of consciousness and not the immortality of identity or individuality. There is no immortal soul or thetan; but there is immortal consciousness.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “not die.” Definition: “undying condition; unending life.”

The individuality of a person is part of his identity as it distinguishes him from others of his kind. According to Hubbard, an individual is a collection of “memories,” and the individuality depends on facsimiles. In the matrix model of the mind individuality is determined by the character of the mental matrix.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “not divisible.” Definition: “the particular character, or aggregate of qualities, that distinguishes one person or thing from others; sole and personal nature.” Example: “a person of marked individuality.


A KEY-IN is defined in Scientology as. “A moment when the environment around the awake but fatigued or distressed individual is itself similar to the dormant engram. At that moment the engram becomes active. It is keyed-in and can thereafter be dramatized.”

The mechanics of KEY-IN may be expressed as “the inclusion of a past engramic node in a currently active pattern of matrix elements.” Such an inclusion may occur when elements similar to the past engramic node enter the matrix in the present moment. An engramic node was generated in the past when sensations could not be broken down into elements and assimilated into the matrix.

The acronym KHTK stands for “Knowing how to Know.” It draws its inspiration from Buddhism. It is an effort to reconcile Scientology with Buddhism, The central concept of KHTK is Subject Clearing. 


A life cycle is the cycle of a life unit from birth to death. That life unit is defined by its identity and individuality. The evolution of consciousness is a product of life unit that continues on through life cycles.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept (life): “body (aliveness).” Broad concept (cycle): “circle, wheel.” 


Memory is not a recording that is stored in the mind. Memory is generated ad hoc by associating perceptual elements of the mental matrix by their time stamps. Memory operates in the background to support computations. Memory suffers because of charge on the case. As one handles the charge, memory and computations improve.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “mindful, remembering.” Definition: “the mental capacity or faculty of retaining and reviving facts, events, impressions, etc., or of recalling or recognizing previous experiences.” 

MEST is a word formed from the initial letters of Matter, Energy, Space and Time. It represents the physical universe. The substance of the universe consists of matter and energy where matter is the condensed form of energy. The extents of the substance of the universe denote Space. The duration of this substance of the universe denote Time. MEST is any and all arrangements of the substance of the universe whether in energy or material form. We perceive MEST through our senses.

The main function of the mind is to resolve anomalies. Presence of too many unresolved anomalies reduce the capability of the mind to think and resolve problems. Normally, the mind perceives the environment, and directs the body to execute internal maintenance and perform external activity. 

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “think, remember.” Definition: “the element, part, substance, or process that reasons, thinks, feels, wills, perceives, judges, etc.” Example: “the processes of the human mind.” 

“The conscious aware mind which thinks, observes data, remembers it, and resolves problems. The analytical mind is the one which is alert and aware.” The analytical mind is the natural state of the mind. It refers to the assimilated parts of the mental matrix.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept (analytical): “undoing, loosening.”

This MATRIX MODEL OF THE MIND is fully explained here: Introduction to Subject Clearing.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept (matrix): “womb.” Definition (matrix): “something that constitutes the place or point from which something else originates, takes form, or develops.” 

“A portion of a person’s mind, which works on a totally stimulus-response basis, which is not under his volitional control, and which exerts force and the power of command over his awareness, purposes, thoughts, body and actions. The reactive mind simply reacts without analysis.” The reactive mind refers to the unassimilated parts of the mental matrix. At the core of reactive mind are facsimiles of shocks and traumas that could not be broken down and assimilated.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept (reactive): “Act back.”


Examples of a nullification phrase would be somebody telling you, “You are no good,” “Never talk back to your elders,” “You can’t hear,” etc. 

Those who have sought to minimize a person so to be able to control him. This is covert, and quite often the person upon whom it is exerted remains unsuspecting beyond the fact that he knows he is very unhappy. This is the coward’s method of domination. The nullifying individual feels that he is less than the individual upon whom he is using it and has not the honesty or fortitude to admit the fact to himself. He then begins to pull the other individual “down to size,” using small carping criticisms. The nullifying individual strikes heavily at the point of pride and capability of his target and yet, if at any moment the target challenges, the nullifying individual claims he is doing so solely out of assistance and friendship or disavows completely that it has been done.


Paramātman is the ultimate consciousness to which all jivātmans converge upon expansion. Selflessness is the attribute of Paramatman, because all personality/individuality vanishes at this level. Broad concept: “supreme atman or consciousness.” Definition: “the Supreme Spirit.” 

Perception of past gets its meaning from the pattern of the perceptual elements that have the same time stamp of a past moment.

Perceptions get their meaning from assimilation of perceptual elements in the mental matrix. Otherwise, they may be felt only as sensations.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “a taking in.” Definition: “the act or faculty of apprehending by means of the senses or of the mind; cognition; understanding.” 

Sensation from sense organs breaks down into perceptual elements, which are then assimilated in the mental matrix. Only when assimilated do perceptual elements generate perceptions. No perceptions exist when incoming sensations do not break down.

A postulate is a self-created truth that actively resolves anomalies in past, present and future.

Perception of the present gets its meaning from the pattern of the perceptual elements continually being generated from the assimilation of sensations entering the mind.

A present time problem is a problem that exists in present time, in a real universe. 

A problem is the conflict arising from one thing versus another thing. You’ve got two postulates, two intentions, two forces or two ideas of comparable magnitude that are interlocked. It results in indecision that persists through time. It cannot be resolved easily.

“[Psychosomatic illness is] the physical manifestations of mental aberration.” (~ Hubbard).

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept (psyche): “breath, spirit.” Broad concept (soma): “body.” Definition: “of or relating to a physical disorder that is caused by or notably influenced by emotional factors.”




Reality is IS-NESS. It is made up of natural laws, facts and opinions.

Repeater technique is the repetition of a word or phrase in order to produce movement on the time track into an incident containing that word or phrase. It is not used to de-intensify a phrase or to reduce an engram. It has the liability of hanging a person up in an engram which cannot be contacted and run out.

Rudiments are initial actions that handle distractions right now in present time so that a session may proceed.


The human self is made up of an identity and astate of consciousness. The identity is the mind-body form that helps evolve the general consciousness. The identity terminates at the end of the life cycle but the consciousness continues. A new life cycle has a new identity but it inherits general consciousness. Hubbard views self as an immortal “thetan” to which mental and physical machinery is added. But the “thetan” represents the individuality of the body-mind system. There are as many thetans as there are people. This is the same concept as “soul” in Christianity. The individuality is a part of the identity of the person. Therefore, there is no such thing as an immortal thetan; but the general consciousness is eternal.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “oneself.” Definition: “a person or thing referred to with respect to complete individuality.” Example: “one’s own self.” 

Senses result in sensations, which then reach the mental matrix to be broken down into perceptual elements.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “feel.” Definition: “any of the faculties, as sight, hearing, smell, taste, or touch, by which humans and animals perceive stimuli originating from outside or inside the body.” Example: “My sense of smell tells me that dinner is ready.” 

A session is a period of time devoted to the attainment of a definite objective, such as, improvement of the conditions in one’s life. 

The soul identifies the person apart from the body. It is part of the person’s identity (the body-mind system), and subject to the life cycle.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “quick-moving” Definition: “the spiritual part of humans regarded in its moral aspect, or as believed to survive death and be subject to happiness or misery in a life to come.” Example: “arguing the immortality of the soul.“ 

The spirit animates the body-mind system just like electricity animates a computer and machinery. The spirit is part of the body-mind system.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “breath.” Definition: “the principle of conscious life; the vital principle in humans, animating the body or mediating between body and soul.” 

Theta is static with respect to MEST meaning it has none of the characteristics of MEST. In other words, static implies that Theta and MEST are two different dimensions in which the laws are completely different. An alternative concept provided in The Static Viewpoint seems to be more consistent with reality.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “stand + see + prick.”  Definition: “a viewpoint that itself does not have any motion but has the potential to view all possible motion.”  

Subject clearing focuses on the resolution of anomalies. An anomaly is any violation of the oneness of reality, such as, discontinuity (missing data), inconsistency (contradictory data), or disharmony (arbitrary data). The obvious anomaly is the missing consciousness. The evolution of general consciousness is from mystery toward knowingness. The state of consciousness is the true “I” of the human self. The “I” evolves by becoming increasingly conscious of the laws of nature. It senses the environment and breaks down the sensations into perceptual elements. The perceptual elements are assimilated in the mental matrix where they can be freely associated. The mental matrix assimilates by freeing itself of anomalies. The perception of the environment is only as accurate as the mental matrix is free of anomalies. The resolution of anomalies results in finer perceptual elements, which raises the level of consciousness. The development of the Subject Clearing makes it possible to apply the techniques developed in Dianetics and Scientology to oneself without the need for an auditor and E-meter freely and safely.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept (subject): “throw it under, open to inspection.” (clear): “call out.” Definition: “Subject Clearing is an extension of Buddha’s mindfulness approach to handle unassimilated impressions in the mind.” 

Hubbard says, “The dynamic principle of existence is Survive. At the opposite end of the spectrum of existence is Succumb.” However, a person is surviving through a life cycle with the natural goal to evolve in consciousness. The survival of the person ceases at the end of the life cycle, but the consciousness continues. The universe has been evolving and not just surviving.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “full of life, lively.” Definition: “to continue to live or exist.” Example: “Few survived after the holocaust.” 


Theta is the spiritual dimension of the universe, whereas, MEST is the physical dimension. Theta manifests in MEST as motion. All activities of life are Theta and MEST operating together.

MEST is the outcome of our perception. The perception is enturbulated to the degree anomalies are present. We may call this state “enturbulated theta” or “entheta.” There is a scale from pure theta to complete entheta that applies to our perception. This is represented by the Know-to-Mystery scale.

Thetan is the individuality associated with a body-mind system. It is a unit of theta that manifests in the viewpoint and activities of the person. Thetan, as a viewpoint, has a position on the Know-to-Mystery scale.

Thinking is the dynamic association of perceptual elements of the mental matrix in the pattern needed to resolve some need. This process involves the comparisons of the elements to select them for such association. Conclusions are reached when the pattern is complete.

Thought is generated when when the perceptual elements are dynamically associated in a pattern within the mental matrix. To be logical, the pattern of perceptual elements must be continuous, consistent and harmonious.

[From regular dictionary] Definition: “the product of mental activity; that which one thinks.” Example: “a body of thought.” 

The sensations of trauma come in so fast that they are difficult to break down and assimilate in real time. Therefore, the real time perception of a trauma is very poor. It is perceived primarily as pain, and its impression is retained as a literal recording. They just have superficial connections with rest of the matrix. Injuries of the body may heal, but the mental trauma is not healed until its impression can be broken down and assimilated with later contemplation.

[From regular dictionary] Broad concept: “wound.” Definition: “A body wound or shock produced by sudden physical injury, as from violence or accident. An experience that produces psychological injury or pain.” 

Truth is the integrity (continuity, consistency, and harmony) of reality. The truth is determined by an absence of anomalies. To the degree anomalies are present, some truth is missing.


In “unconsciousness,” the sense organs could still be sensing but the perception is not there because those sensations are not getting assimilated in the mental matrix. The assimilation does not occur when the sensations consist of shock. Such shocks then exist as impressions waiting to be assimilated.

The universe is not just physical; it is metaphysical too. The universe includes everything whether physical, metaphysical, real, imaginary, postulated or speculated. Nothing is excluded from the universe.


A viewpoint refers to a particular state or level of awareness that acts as an individual’s frame of reference. It gives rise to a point of view. 


Post a comment or leave a trackback: Trackback URL.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: