The World of Atom (Part XVI)

Reference: A Logical Approach to Theoretical Physics



Chapter 94: Parity and Its Ill Fortune – C. N. Yang (b. 1922) and T. D. Lee (b. 1926)

Law of Parity Conservation. In 1953 it was found that theta and tau mesons had identical masses and lifetimes, but they decay in different schemes with different parities. This led to the assumption that they were two different K-mesons, even though they were alike in all other aspects. Lee and Yang, on examining this situation, discovered that the principle of conservation of parity has never been experimentally verified for weak interactions. Lee and Yang proposed that the conservation of parity be discarded in any reaction involving neutrinos and in weak interactions in general. This was then verified experimentally. They won the 1957 Nobel Prize.

Chapter 95: Nuclei and Nucleons – R. Hofstadter (1915 – 1990) 

Structure of Nuclei and Nucleons. Hofstadter received Nobel Prize in 1961 for detailed investigation into the structure of matter. He extended the technique of previous electron-scattering studies to higher energies and discovered that nucleons consist of charged mesonic clouds. In the proton, these clouds appeared to add to the effect of their charges; in the neutron the clouds seem to cancel one another. Thus, nucleons are complex bodies of constituent mesons.

Chapter 96: Elementary Particles – H. A. Boorse (1904 – 2003) and L. Motz (1909 – 2004)


  1. Symmetry is a property of a physical system that is unaffected by certain mathematical transformations.
  2. A particular type of symmetry in nature implies the existence of a conservation law.
  3. In nature, symmetries are everywhere forming an important part of the laws.
  4. The concept of invariance introduced by Einstein is the most important example of symmetry.
  5. Invariance is the property of remaining unchanged regardless of changes in the conditions of measurement. 
  6. Invariance is related to conservation laws; for example, conservation of energy is related to invariance over time.
  7. The existence of quantum numbers is, in a sense, a consequence of the symmetries in nature.
  8. Parity is a property of a wave function or state vector.
  9. Conservation of parity is the rule that odd wave functions must remain odd and even must remain even.
  10. It was found experimentally that the parity was not conserved in the β-decay of cobalt-60.
  11. Protons and the neutron have finite size or a structure.
  12. Both have their magnetic moment distributed over a finite radius.
  13. Proton also has its electric charge similarly distributed.
  14. Both the proton and the neutron consist of cores surrounded by clouds of mesons.
  15. In the neutron the clouds seem to cancel one another.
  16. In the proton these clouds appeared to add to the effect of their charges.
  17. Every nucleus has a core of electric charge surrounded by a thin skin in which the charge falls off to zero quite quickly. 
  18. In this nuclear core the charge density is constant.

The atom is a vortex of condensing substance.


Subject: Communication

Reference: Course on Subject Clearing

This Key Word List and Glossary has been prepared for the subject of Communication with exercises from Scientology modified for self-application. The whole purpose of communication is “to see things as they are.” When you are talking about communication, you are basically talking about DUPLICATION. As you do this subject clearing, your ability to duplicate may improve.



Observe some communications around you. Identify the following parts: Source point, Receipt point, Interchange of ideas, Interchange of particles, Cause, Distance, Effect, Intention, Attention, Duplication

Observe some cycles of communications around you. Identify the following parts: Terminals, Origination, Answer, Acknowledgement.

Observe the two-way communication cycles around you. Identify the following parts: Switching of origination, Agreement, Reality, Affinity. Practice communication with focus on duplication.

Practice this exercise upon yourself. You are both auditor and preclear. Do this in sessions of at least 20 minutes until you are in a completely relaxed and self-determined state of mind regarding perceiving the environment and the universe around you. Note that in doing this procedure on yourself, you are essentially doing Part C of the process.

Practice this exercise upon yourself. Do this in sessions of at least 20 minutes until you are in a completely relaxed and self-determined state of mind regarding perceiving objects again and again freshly in new unit of time. Pay close attention to any behavior you engage in automatically.

Practice this exercise upon yourself. Do this in sessions of at least 20 minutes until you are in a completely relaxed and self-determined state of mind regarding perceiving pictures from your life experiences. Pay attention to details that emerge.

Practice this exercise upon yourself. Do this in sessions of at least 20 minutes until you are in a completely relaxed and self-determined state of mind regarding throwing things away or pulling them in on yourself at will. Pay attention to the fixations that you get rid of.

Practice this exercise upon yourself. Do this in sessions of at least 20 minutes until you are in a completely relaxed and self-determined state of mind regarding spotting locations without mass. The whole idea is to get rid of fixation on things that can only be sensed.

Practice this exercise upon yourself. Do this in sessions of at least 20 minutes until you are in a completely relaxed and self-determined state of mind regarding originating, answering and acknowledging. The whole idea is to get rid of scarcity of communication.



The definition of Dianetics Key Words may be looked up at Technical Dictionary. Comments on some Key words are listed here.

TEXT: Dianetics 55

Broad concept: “to recognize.” Definition: “recognition of the existence or truth of something.” In communication: something said or done to inform another that his statement or action has been noted, understood and received. “Very good,” “Okay,” and other such phrases are intended to inform another who has spoken or acted that his statement or action has been accepted. An acknowledgement also tends to confirm that the statement has been made or the action has been done and so brings about a condition not only of communication but of reality between two or more people. Applause at a theater is an acknowledgement of the actor or act plus approval. Acknowledgement itself does not necessarily imply an approval or disapproval or any other thing beyond the knowledge that an action or statement has been observed and is received. In signaling with the morse code the receiver of a message transmits an R to the sender as a signal that the message has been received, which is to say acknowledged. There is such a thing as over-acknowledgement and there is such a thing as under-acknowledgement. A correct and exact acknowledgement communicates to someone who has spoken that what he has said has been heard. An acknowledgement tends to terminate or end the cycle of a communication, and when expertly used can sometimes stop a continued statement or continued action. An acknowledgement is also part of the communication formula and is one of its steps. (LRH Def. Notes)

Affinity is the relative distance and similarity of the two ends of a communication line. Affinity has in it a mass connotation. The greatest affinity would be the occupation of the same space. Where things do not occupy the same space their affinity is delineated by the relative distance and the degree of duplication.

In the context of communication, answer refers to the response to an origination. For example, please see COMMUNICATION, CYCLE OF.

A person who has been trained in the technology of Scientology. An auditor applies standard technology to preclears.

Broad concept: “to impart, make common.” Definition: “to give or interchange thoughts, feelings, information, or the like, by writing, speaking, etc.” Example: “They communicate with each other every day.

1. COMMUNICATION is the interchange of ideas or particles between two points. More precisely, the definition of Communication is: Cause, Distance, Effect with Intention and Attention and a duplication at Effect of what emanates from Cause. 2. the consideration and action of impelling an impulse or particle from source point across a distance to receipt point with the intention of bringing into being at the receipt point a duplication and understanding of that which emanated from the source point.

The cycle is Cause, Distance, Effect, with Effect then becoming Cause and communicating across a Distance to the original source, which is now Effect. In the following example of a cycle of communication, Joe and Bill are terminals. The cycle starts with origination from primary source point Joe, such as, “How are you, Bill?” Bill (primary receipt point)receives the origination and answers it as Bill’ (secondary source point): “I am well.” Joe’ (secondary receipt point) receives the answer and acknowledges it with a nod of his head.

Communication Cycle

The exact definition of a communication lag is: “the length of time intervening between the posing of a question, or origination of a statement, and the exact moment that question or original statement is answered.” If you will look very closely at this definition you will discover that nothing is said, whatever, about what goes on between the asking of the question or the origination of a communication and its being answered. What goes on in between is lag. The communication formula at work is best understood through the “communication lag.”

The whole purpose of communication is “to see things as they are,” which is “to duplicate.” When you are talking about communication, you are basically talking about DUPLICATION. 

We use this process of Elementary Straightwire with just two commands: “Tell me something you wouldn’t mind remembering,“ “Tell me something you wouldn’t mind forgetting.“ We run one command at a time, continually, flattening each communication lag encountered. Flattening communication lag means that you continue the process while it is producing some change in the communication lag. You may stop the process when the communication lag has reduced to some constant value. While one is doing this, of course, one maintains two-way communication, which means the auditor pays full attention to the originations of the preclear and handles them appropriately.

Duplication is “to make an exact copy.” In the context of communication, it means, “to see things as they are.” Opening Procedure by Duplication has as its goal the separating of time, moment from moment. This is done by getting a preclear to duplicate the same action over and over again with two dissimilar objects, such as, a book and a bottle.

The first step in Opening Procedure by Duplication is to familiarize the preclear with both objects, as to their reality and his ability to own them. One makes himself handle them, and feel them, and acquaint himself with them, makes him describe them as objects he is experiencing in present time, not as something related into the past. A little time spent on this can be quite beneficial.

The auditing commands are: “Do you see that book?” says the auditor, pointing. When the preclear signifies that he has, the auditor says, “Walk over to it.” When the preclear does, the auditor says, “Pick it up.” When the preclear does, the auditor says, “Look at it.” When the preclear does (usually he was looking at it but now looks at it more closely) the auditor says, “Give me its color.” When the preclear does, the auditor says, “Give me its weight.” When the preclear does, the auditor says, “Give me its temperature.” When the preclear has, the auditor says, “Put it back exactly as you found it.” This action sequence having been completed, the auditor points to the bottle. “Do you see that bottle?” When the preclear does, the auditor says, “Walk over to it.” When the preclear does, the auditor says, “Pick it up.” When the preclear has, the auditor says, “Look at it.” When the preclear does, the auditor says, “Give me its color.” When the preclear has, the auditor says, “Give me its weight.” When the preclear has, the auditor says, “Give me its temperature.” When the preclear has, the auditor says, “Put it back exactly as you found it.” Then the auditor says, pointing out the book, “Do you see that book?” and so on, back and forth, using this exact sequence of commands. The auditor can interject “Describe it more fully.” The auditor can sometimes, but not oftener than once every 15 minutes, point to the book, have the preclear go through the full sequence with the book, and then point to the book again, and have the preclear once more go through the full sequence with the book. This will break down the automatic machinery a preclear is bound to set up to compensate for this process. We want to keep the preclear doing it, not his machines. By asking the preclear to describe the object, or describe its temperature more fully in its proper sequence in these commands, machines are also broken down and the alertness and the awareness of the preclear is increased.

The auditor must not omit letting the preclear give him the preclear’s reaction. The preclear will pause, seem to be confused. It is up to the auditor at that moment to say, “What happened?” and to find out what happened, and then to continue with the process, having acknowledged the communication of the preclear. An auditor must never be afraid to let a preclear emanate a communication, and an auditor must never fail to acknowledge the completion of an auditing action, no matter how minute.

8-C means “good control.” It is essentially and intimately the operation of making the physical body contact the environment.

Step A of Opening Procedure of 8-C is “Do you see that object?“ the auditor pointing. When the preclear signifies that he does, the auditor says, “Walk over to it.“ When the preclear has walked over to it, the auditor says, “Touch it.“ When the preclear does, the auditor says, “Let go,“ and designates another object – a wall, a lamp – calls it by name or not, and goes through the same procedure once more. It is important that the auditor specifically acknowledge each time the preclear has executed the command given. This Step A is used until the preclear does it easily, smoothly, without the slightest variation or introduction of any physical communication lag, and has demonstrated completely that he has no upset feeling about the auditor or objects in the room.

When A has been run for a length of time necessary to bring the case up tone, Part B is run. Part B introduces the idea of decision. The commands of Part B are: “Pick a spot in this room,“ and when the preclear has: “Walk over to it,“ and when the preclear does: “Put your finger on it,“ and when the preclear has: “Let go.“ Each time, the auditor acknowledges the completion of the command by the preclear, signifying “All right,“ “O.K.,“ or “Fine,“ making it very plain that he has noticed and approves of and is acknowledging the preclear in following each specific command. He approves of these one at a time in this fashion. The preclear is run on this until he demonstrates no physical communication lag of any kind in making up his mind what to touch, how to touch it, and so forth.

Part C of Opening Procedure of 8-C introduces further decision. It goes as follows: the auditor says, “Pick a spot in this room,“ and when the preclear has, the auditor says “Walk over to it.“ When the preclear does, the auditor says, “Make up your mind when you are going to place your finger on it, and do so.“ When the preclear has, the auditor says, “Make up your mind when you are going to let go, and let go.” The auditor each time acknowledges the completion of one of these orders to the preclear.

In doing Opening Procedure of 8-C the preclear must not be permitted to execute a command before it is given, and a two-way communication must be maintained.

Broad concept: “to rise, beginning, source.” Definition: “to give origin or rise to; initiate; invent.” Example: “to originate a better method.” A cycle of communication must start with an origination from the primary source point. For example, please see COMMUNICATION, CYCLE OF.

A person who is discovering things about himself and who is becoming clearer in his understanding of life.

Reality is the degree of agreement reached by two ends of a communication line. In essence, it is the degree of duplication achieved between Cause and Effect. That which is real is real simply because it is agreed upon, and for no other reason.NOTE: Agreed-upon reality is different from the actual reality made up of the laws of nature. 

The modus operandi of the Remedy of Havingness is to have the preclear mock up something, pull it in, or mock up something and throw it away. It does not matter what you have him mock up. The item can have significance or not as the case may be. Preclears who are low in tone, if this is run on them, have a tendency to make everything they mock very significant. It is not the significance, it is the mass that counts. However, to keep the preclear interested, or to assist his mocking up, an auditor may designate specific things, and does so.

The commands of Remedy of Havingness are as follows: “Mock up a (planet, man, brick).” “Make a copy of it.” “Make a copy of it.” “Make a copy of it.” And when the preclear has from five to 15 copies, “Push them all together.” “Now pull them in on you.” When the preclear has done this for some time, the last command is varied by saying, “Throw them away and have them disappear in the distance.” 

We keep up this process for some time until we are very certain that he can actually throw things away or pull them in on himself at will. This is the Remedy of Havingness. It means remedying his ability to have or not have energy. Run with particular significances such as money, women, et cetera, one could remedy specific scarcities on the part of the preclear. He may have to waste a large quantity of them before he can have one.

We remedy the communication by having the preclear mock up the various parts of a two-way cycle of communication. The parts of a communication cycle that have to be remedied are: (1) originated communications, (2) people to communicate to (3) answers, (4) acknowledgements. His mocking up of communications must be kept at a simplicity and out of deep significances. No variety is necessary. Simply the idea of communication, with some sort of a specific idea being communicated, is all that is necessary. 

Having the preclear mock up before him something saying “Hello,“ and saying “Hello“ again, and saying “Hello“ again, and having him mock this up behind him saying “Hello,“ and saying “Hello,“ and saying “Hello,“ would be quite adequate for an originated communication. Then have the preclear start saying “Hello” to a live spot out there.  For answers, have the preclear mock up a spot out there, saying “Okay” to him. The preclear does it many times. Then have the preclear start saying “Okay” to a spot out there. For acknowledgements, have a spot out there, start saying “I did it” to the preclear. After that has been done many, many times, the preclear starts saying “I did it” to a spot out there. This will remedy responsibility difficulties. The command that turns on a somatic, repeated often enough, will turn it off

We are not at all concerned with the significance of the communication. We want him to go on mocking up originated communications, answers, acknowledgements. It does not matter if the preclear says these communications himself aloud or simply does them quietly to himself. We are trying to increase his ability to communicate in the present, which means increasing his ability to duplicate and assimilate.

It has not been found necessary to remedy havingness on the preclear if one is actually remedying the scarcity of communication. The remedy of communications cures a person of having to have mass, having to eat obsessively, or do anything else obsessively.

One makes a person spot spots in space for a short time, then remedies Havingness, makes them spot spots in space, then remedies Havingness, then spot spots in space. These two processes, Remedying Havingness and Spot Spots in Space actually belong together, however the preclear eventually emerges up in a higher band where he can spot spots in space without remedying Havingness.

The auditing commands are: “Spot a spot in the space of this room.” When the preclear has, the auditor says, “Spot another spot,” etc. When the preclear gets well into the process in this fashion we say, “Spot a spot in the space of this room.” “Walk over to it,” and when he has, “Put your finger on it.” When he does, “Let go.”

The auditor should ask the preclear when he starts this process if the spot has any mass, color, temperature, or any other characteristics, or “How big is it?” The auditor asks this to make sure that the preclear is actually spotting a spot, a simple location, not a spot that has a mass, temperature, or characteristics. A location is simply a location, it does not have mass, it does not have color, it does not have any temperature. When we ask the preclear to spot a spot at first his spots are liable to have mass and temperature. We do not object to this, we simply ask him frequently, once we have discovered that his spots do have this, how his spots are getting along, and we remember, on such a preclear, that we must remedy havingness. Eventually he will move out to a point where he is simply spotting locations.

Broad concept: “end, limit,” Definition: “end or extremity of a structure.” A communication terminal would be any fixed mass utilized in a communication system. For example, please see COMMUNICATION, CYCLE OF.

Two-way Communication is made up two communication cycles in which the primary origination switches from  one person to the other.

Two-way Comm


Running Dianetics with Subject Clearing

Reference: Course on Subject Clearing

The subject clearing process requires that you contemplate over a concept to assimilate it into your existing knowledge. For example, when you are learning about the concept of “jumping,” you would contemplate over its meaning while relating it to your actual experience of jumping. You would follow the same process when learning about more abstract concepts, such as, the “mind” or the “self.” With subject Clearing you are applying the Discipline of Subject Clearing to make the concept one with your understanding.

In Dianetics, you contemplate over a somatic that you are interested in, and find instances from your actual experience, when it was present. In a traditional Dianetics session you are doing so under the expert guidance of an auditor. But when running Dianetics with subject clearing you are doing so under the Discipline of Subject Clearing. Such contemplation then leads you to the discovery of unassimilated impressions. You perceive these impressions for the very first time. As you perceive them they start to get assimilated in your mental matrix. Such assimilation of traumatic impressions helps a person get rid of aberrations and psychosomatic illnesses.

The first rule of the subject clearing approach is just to be there and confront whatever comes up. So, you just lightly keep your attention on the somatic with sufficient curiosity, and let the mind do its work. The moment you become anxious about finding the instances from your experience the progress will slow down. So just be curious to learn everything you can about a somatic.

Hubbard says,

“By somatic is meant a pain or ache sensation and also misemotion or even unconsciousness. There are a thousand different descriptive words that could add up to a feeling. Pains, aches, dizziness, sadness—these are all feelings. Awareness, pleasant or unpleasant, of a body.”

You may go through the following comments on the chapters of Book Three: THERAPY of DIANETICS: The Modern Science of Mental Health:

  1. CHAPTER I The Mind’s Protection 
  2. CHAPTER II Release or Clear 
  3. CHAPTER III The Auditor’s Role 
  4. CHAPTER IV Diagnosis 
  5. CHAPTER V Returning, the File Clerk, and the Time Track 
  6. CHAPTER VI The Laws of Returning 
  7. CHAPTER VII Emotion and the Life Force 
  8. CHAPTER VIII Some Types of Engrams 
  9. CHAPTER IX PART ONE Mechanisms and Aspects of Therapy 
  10. CHAPTER IX PART TWO Mechanisms and Aspects of Therapy 
  11. CHAPTER X Dianetics — Past and Future 

These comments will familiarize you with the Dianetics techniques. Subject clearing makes the application of Dianetics techniques very simple. All you need is just be there and patiently confront.


The Anomaly in Hubbard’s Thinking

Hubbard says on OT III,

“Thetans believed they were one. This is the primary error.”

He then says on NOTs,

“It’s all on the basis of the misconception that “All is one” and they can’t tell whose picture is whose, or whose somatic is whose. You’re basically trying to untangle this mish-mash. And what’s amazing is that there are as many life beings as there are – there are lots of them.”

In his essay, Keeping Scientology Working, Hubbard says,

“And I don’t see that popular measures, self-abnegation and democracy have done anything for Man but push him further into the mud. Currently, popularity endorses degraded novels, self-abnegation has filled the South East Asian jungles with stone idols and corpses, and democracy has given us inflation and income tax.”

In his essay, Identity versus Individuality, Hubbard says,

“One of the control mechanisms which has been used on thetans is that when they rise in potential they are led to believe themselves one with the universe. This is distinctly untrue. Thetans are individuals. They do not as they rise up the scale, merge with other individualities. They have the power of becoming anything they wish while still retaining their own individuality. They are first and foremost themselves. There is evidently no Nirvana. It is the feeling that one will merge and lose his own individuality that restrains the thetan from attempting to remedy his lot. His merging with the rest of the universe would be his becoming matter. This is the ultimate in cohesiveness and the ultimate in affinity, and is at the lowest point of the tone-scale. One declines into a brotherhood with the universe. When he goes up scale, he becomes more and more an individual capable of creating and maintaining his own universe. In this wise (leading people to believe they had no individuality above that of MEST) the MEST universe cut out all competition.”

So, Hubbard believed whole-heartedly in the supremacy of individuality. He didn’t think much of Nirvana because it amounted to losing individuality. This thinking then influences the upper levels of Scientology.

The facts are: SELF is made up of CONSCIOUSNESS and IDENTITY. Identity (which is characterized by individuality) is, of course, discrete (as strenuously emphasized by Hubbard). But the underlying consciousness is continuous, which we all share.

Hubbard tried to make consciousness individual and discrete also. That is the anomaly in his thinking. The truth is that we all share consciousness. Consciousness may be plotted on a scale that extends from mystery to knowingness. At its highest point, consciousness is the ability to see things as they are. Please see The Static Viewpoint.


Reference: Course on Subject Clearing

This Key Word List is prepared for the subject of Dianetics, which was researched and published by L. Ron Hubbard in 1950. The effort here is to show that you can apply the techniques of Dianetics to yourself with the help of Subject Clearing, without an auditor or e-meter.



DISCIPLINE:  Discipline of Subject Clearing

TEXT (by  L. Ron Hubbard): 

  1. DIANETICS: The Original Thesis
  2. DIANETICS: The Modern Science of Mental Health.

When reading the text by L. Ron Hubbard, please use his Technical Dictionary to look up words belonging to Scientology technical vocabulary, such as, engrams, secondaries, locks, etc.



  1. DIANETICS (Survival, Dynamic, Intelligence)
  2. ABERRATION (Demons, Psychosomatic illness)
  3. SELF (Individuality, Monitor, Immortality)
  4. MIND (Analytical Mind, Reactive Mind, Somatic Mind)
  5. CLEAR (Self-determinism, Dynamics)
  6. ANALYTICAL MIND (Memory, Thinking)
  7. REACTIVE MIND (Unconsciousness, Hypnotism, Engram, Facsimile)
  8. SOMATIC MIND (Sentient, Training pattern)
  9. AUDITING (Auditor, Preclear, E-meter, Auditor’s Code)
  10. ENGRAM (Shock, Charge, Key-in, Contra-survival. Pro-survival)
  11. RESTIMULATION (Restimulator, Anaten, Sympathy, Painful emotion)
  12. DRAMATIZATION (Black Panther Mechanism, Justification, Valence)
  13. DIAGNOSIS (Tone Scale, Birth, AA, Prenatals)
  14. ENGRAM CHAIN (Time Track, Earlier similar, Lock, Basic)
  15. REVERIE (Returning, Recounting, File Clerk) 
  16. RETURNING (Bouncer, Holder, Denyer, Grouper, Misdirector)
  17. RECOUNTING (Identity thought, Engramic phrases. Time-shift) 
  18. ENGRAMIC PHRASES (Repeater Technique, Ally computation)
  19. FACSIMILE (Sag, Reduction, Erasure)
  21. BASIC PURPOSE (Anomaly, Assimilation, Subject clearing)
  22. Subject: Human Condition
  23. Running Dianetics with Subject Clearing



Please refer to

  1. KHTK Glossary
  2. Technical Dictionary

Additional data specific to this subject is as follows.

Broad concept: “through mind.” Definition: “a subject that addresses psychosomatic causes of illnesses and aberrations afflicting the human self.” Hubbard: “Dianetics consists of discovering the aberration in the individual, finding the physically painful experience which corresponds to it and placing the data therein contained at the disposal of the analytical mind.” In Dianetics therapy, impressions from the periods of unconsciousness (facsimiles) were found to exist in the mind. Hubbard’s Dianetics theory offers these facsimiles as the source of all psychosomatic illnesses and aberrations.

This theory was published in 1950 in the book: DIANETICS: The Modern Science of Mental Health. The actual discovery of Dianetics is that the mind is capable of recording the details of events, such as, severe injury, delirium, or surgical anesthesia, while the person appears to be unconscious. Such recordings are called “facsimiles.” They normally stay below the level of consciousness, but can be retrieved back into consciousness with some effort.

The existence of facsimiles has been known as “samskāra” since Buddha’s time (500 BC). Buddha’s approach to handle samskāra is “mindfulness meditation.” Dianetics, however, handles facsimiles through an “earlier similar incident” using “repeater technique.” A person, however, can’t apply this technique to himself because the mind tends to go “unconscious” as it approaches the facsimile. An “auditor” had to be trained to apply this technique to the person.

The “repeater technique” is quite difficult to apply as it requires great observation and skill. Misapplication  of “repeater technique” affects the mind adversely. Hubbard subsequently came up with a more gradient auditing approach under the subject of Scientology. This approach was presented as a series of auditing steps called Scientology Grade Chart. At the final stages of OT Levels the person audits himself, much like in meditation.

These OT Levels have remained open ended since Hubbard passed away in 1986. The results have not been as spectacular and broad as were hoped. A summary and criticism of these OT Levels is presented at Scientology OT Levels. Even at OT Levels, where a person is auditing himself, the auditing procedure is fraught with errors. The insertion of an auditing approach with E-meter has presented its own set of new difficulties. It makes a broader application very expensive and practically unfeasible. 

This Dianetic procedure needs to be examined closely if its application does not produce results in the hands of others. Apparently, the author of this thesis is able to produce results where others run into difficulty. In my observation, many difficulties arise because of the violation of the gradient in approaching the engram.

According to the laws of returning, the analytical awareness starts to shut down as one approaches the engram, and the thinking increasingly dramatizes the content of the engram. The person is not aware of this change but the auditor is. The auditor is then required to navigate the auditee through it skillfully.

According to the thesis, the auditor’s dynamic assists the auditee’s dynamic in overcoming the effects of the laws of returning. But in practice, the auditor takes over the awareness of the auditee instead of assisting it. Even the use of E-meter brings awareness to the auditor only. The auditee is simply being told what to do, and he is never in command of himself while approaching the engram. He mechanically obeys either the engram or the auditor.

Only the auditee can handle his aberrations. The auditor can only support, encourage and guide him but he can’t approach and assimilate the engram for the auditee. The only solution is for the auditee to remain in control of his awareness while approaching the engram and assimilating its content. This requires the auditee to overcome the effects of the law of returning. Can he approach and assimilate the contents of the engram without returning?

It is important to remember that Hubbard was an expert hypnotist and he thought in terms of returning. So, he may not have even considered the possibility of neutralizing the short-circuiting of the mental matrix by the engram without returning.

In hypnotism, the hypnotist installs a hypnotic command. That command can be neutralized by recalling the moment that command was installed. Hypnotist can easily do it because he knows when he installed that command. But the situation is very different in life. One suspects that there is a painful incident, which installed an engram in the mind but nothing is known about it. Engram is not like a simple hypnotic command. It has many tentacles reaching into many logic circuits of the mental matrix. Its relationship with the mind is much more complex compared to that of a simple hypnotic command.

The dianetic approach is to attack the source of pain (the engram). It tries to push through the pain to locate and re-experience the engram. It neglects the very many and much finer relationships that need to be straightened out in the process of neutralizing the engram. Thus it violates the principle of gradient. The more the gradient is violated, the more forceful is the reaction of the engram. The laws of returning are simply the result of violating the gradient. There are no such laws in play when the engram is approached on a gradient.

The mindfulness approach allows the engram to unwind itself through free association on its own natural gradient. The auditee simply focuses on the aberration that is bothering him. He examines that aberration in detail. He lets all data that comes up associate non-judgmentally in the context of that aberration. He watches objectively the reactions and even strong emotions that come up. He lets all such reactions run out as they may. He doesn’t interfere even when the awareness seems to attenuate as in falling asleep. These are contents of the engramic node getting released to the mental matrix.

It does not matter what the auditee has done or what has been done to him. He does not guess or search for the contents of the engram. If a phrase is running around in his head he simply focuses on it. He experiences whatever comes up without resisting. He may be supported, encouraged and guided by a mindfulness auditor. But it is the auditee’s dynamic that lies behind this free association. Using the gradient of free association any engram can be reached safely and easily.

The Dianetic thesis seems to blame any lack of success on incompetent auditing. It is noted that a proper procedure would be effective and easy to apply at the same time. Hopefully, the mindfulness auditing approach shall be able to overcome the difficulties that have plagued the dianetic procedure.

The out-gradient in dianetic procedure ends up in the auditor taking over the awareness of the auditee instead of assisting it. This seems to have become ingrained so much so that the auditee is expected to submit to the dictates of the organization delivering auditing. This organization is presently the “Church of Scientology”, which closely monitors all its parishioners and expects them to comply with its “code of ethics”. It keeps them in line through a system of reward and punishment. Anyone who rebels against the control of the Church is declared a “potential trouble source” or a “suppressive person”.

Fortunately, with mindfulness approach one can audit oneself to great improvement. He can then help others get started with their auditing. Only this way can a grass roots movement be started which is up to meeting the demands of the society.