Physics: The Beginning Concepts

Reference: Course on Subject Clearing

This is a Key Word List and Glossary for the beginning of Physics.

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Key Word List

Physics, Science, Know, Able, Knowledge, Physical, Material, Observation, Experimentation, Matter, Substance, Energy, Motion, Force, Body, Mass, System

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Glossary

Physics
Origin: “pertaining to nature.” Physics is the science that deals with matter, energy, motion, and force.

Science
Origin: “to know.” Science is systematic knowledge of the physical or material world gained through observation and experimentation.

Know
Origin: “be able to.” To know is to apprehend clearly and with certainty.

Able
Origin: “to have, hold.” To have necessary power, skill, resources, or qualifications.

Knowledge
Origin: “to know.” Knowledge is acquaintance with facts, truths, or principles, as from study or investigation.

Physical
Origin: “pertaining to nature.” Physical indicates connected with, pertaining to that which is material.

Material
Origin: “belonging to matter.” Material pertains to the substance or substances of which a thing is made or composed.

Observation
Origin: “to watch, regard, attend to.” To observe is to regard with attention, especially so as to see or learn something. You can observe only that which has impact on your senses.

Experimentation
Origin: “to try, test.” To experiment is to try or test, especially in order to discover or prove something.

Matter
Origin: “woody part of a tree.” Matter is the substance or substances of which any physical object consists or is composed.

Substance
Origin: “That which stands under.” Something that can be felt as being substantial. In Physics, a substance is something that can have impact.

Energy
Origin: “to be active.” Energy is the capacity for vigorous activity; available power. The substance of light is called energy because of its extreme speed.

Motion
Origin: “to move.” Motion is the action or process of moving or of changing place or position.

Force
Origin: “strong.” Force is an influence on a body or system, producing or tending to produce a change in movement or in shape or other effects.

Body
Body is any mass, especially one considered as a whole.

Mass
Origin: “barley cake.” Mass is the quantity of matter as determined from its weight or from Newton’s second law of motion. 

System
Origin: “that stands together.” In physics, system refers to a physical structure considered as a whole.

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