The Logics (old)

The Logics were written by L. Ron Hubbard from a summary of information which began in November of 1938 and were published in 1951. They have never varied since that time.

The Logics form a gradient scale of association of facts necessary to understand and resolve any problem. They can be used to predict behavior and clarify the entire field of thought. The Logics are a method of thinking and could be called ‘how to think.’ In fact, the basic common denominators of all education can be found in the Logics.

The following are my comments on these logics and my proposed revisions.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 1: Knowledge is a whole group or subdivision of a group of data or speculations or conclusions on data or methods of gaining data.

All the data available in our societies and in our minds may be grouped as knowledge. It may be subdivided into Eastern knowledge and Western knowledge. It may be subdivided further by religions, scientific subjects and literary genres. It may include further observations, speculations, assumptions, theories, conclusions, etc. In short data is anything you may become aware of.

All this data refers to a fundamental Is-ness of this universe, which is a consistent whole. This consistent whole may be represented by a matrix of data elements that are connected with each other in all possible combinations and permutations. We may thus visualize a universal data matrix, parts of which may be represented as religions, science and literature and different subjects within them. Our minds may also be represented as data matrices that are parts of the universal data matrix. Everything in this matrix is connected with everything else in a continuous, harmonious and consistent manner.

To get to the awareness of that fundamental Is-ness, all inconsistencies, disharmonies and inconsistencies among data must be identified and resolved.

KHTK Logic 1: Knowledge is a universal matrix of interconnected data that is fundamentally continuous, harmonious and consistent.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 2: A body of knowledge is a body of data, aligned or unaligned, or methods of gaining data.

The body of knowledge has to do with data matrices related to different subjects. There are physical subjects, such as, astronomy, physics, chemistry, atomic sciences, biological sciences, etc.; mental and spiritual subjects, such as, religion, philosophy, psychology, logic, etc.; and human subjects, such as, management, politics, government, security, wars, etc.

A subject consists of a data matrix in which data elements are aligned by postulates, theories, principles, laws, etc. A subject, such as, HEAT may start form a postulate and its opposite, such as, “hot and cold”. The two postulates may form the opposite ends of a scale on which one postulate gradually transforms into the other. This scale may extend to infinity on either end. Thus, one may conceive of a gradient change between the components of any duality, such as, night and day, good and evil, right and wrong, etc. Research into this gradient may contribute to the growth of the subject.

A lack of differentiation between the two components of a duality may also make the subject grow further. This is because such confusion would generate a lot of anomalies. The anomalies may be described in terms of discontinuities, disharmonies and inconsistencies in the subject. The resolving of such anomalies will simplify a subject and make its knowledge grow.

KHTK Logic 2: A body of knowledge is a data matrix that grows in knowledge as anomalies among its data elements get resolved.

COROLLARY: Anomalies consist of discontinuities, disharmonies and inconsistencies among data elements.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 3: Any knowledge which can be sensed, measured or experienced by any entity is capable of influencing that entity.

COROLLARY: That knowledge which cannot be sensed, measured or experienced by any entity or type of entity cannot influence that entity or type of entity.

An entity is anything with beingness that holds a viewpoint to perceive from. It has varying capabilities to postulate, consider or hold opinions as an observer.

An entity reacts or responds to what it perceives and observes. Thus, it is influenced by the knowledge it senses, measures or experiences. Such reactions and responses are the result of considerations that make up the viewpoint of the entity.

The freedom of the entity to postulate, consider or hold opinions is limited by the structure of considerations that make up the viewpoint. These considerations are as much part of the universal data matrix as any other knowledge. Thus, entity and knowledge interact and influence each other.

KHTK Logic 3: Any entity is influenced by the knowledge it senses, measures or experiences, because the elements of its viewpoint are integrated with the elements of the universal data matrix.

COROLLARY: The observer and observed are integrated within the universal data matrix and influence each other.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 4: A datum is a symbol of matter, energy, space or time, or any combination thereof, in any universe, or the matter, energy, space or time itself, or any combination thereof, in any universe.

In an earlier version of this logic (PDC Tape 14), Hubbard says, “A datum is a facsimile of states of being, states of not being, actions or inactions, conclusions or suppositions in the physical or any other universe.” Thus, a datum applied to the awareness of both Theta (thoughts, postulates, considerations, opinions, etc.) and MEST (matter, energy, space and time).

However, in the present version, Hubbard limits the definition of datum to MEST only. There is no reason that the definition of datum be so limited, because Hubbard also says, “[a datum is] anything of which one could become aware, whether the thing existed or whether he created it. (Scn 8-8008)”. The broader definition of datum is, therefore, more appropriate.

KHTK Logic 4: A datum is any element of Theta (thoughts, postulates, considerations, opinions, etc.) or MEST (matter, energy, space and time), or any combination thereof.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 5: A definition of terms is necessary to the alignment, statement and resolution of suppositions, observations, problems and solutions and their communication.

DEFINITION: Descriptive definition: one which classifies by characteristics, by describing existing states of being.

DEFINITION: Differentiative definition: one which compares unlikeness to existing states of being or not-being.

DEFINITION: Associative definition: one which declares likeness to existing states of being or not-being.

DEFINITION: Action definition: one which delineates cause and potential change of state of being by cause of existence, inexistence, action, inaction, purpose or lack of purpose.

Voltaire said, “If you would argue with me, define your terms.” Any statement of observation or supposition requires that the terms involved must be defined for proper communication and understanding. Only then they can be aligned and set up for the resolution of matters involving doubt, uncertainty, or difficulty.

Definitions of terms, in general usage, are available in published dictionaries. These definitions may be descriptive, differentiative, associative, or action oriented. Any definition, of course, is subject to scrutiny.

KHTK Logic 5: A definition of terms is necessary for the alignment of data and resolution of any anomalies. These definitions could be descriptive, differentiative, associative or action oriented.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 6: Absolutes are unobtainable.

Buddha declared, “The Absolute Truth is that there is nothing absolute in the world, that everything is relative, conditioned and impermanent, and that there is no unchanging, everlasting, absolute substance like Self, Soul, or Ātman within or without.” Absolute means: viewed independently; not comparative or relative; ultimate; intrinsic.

The statement from Buddha may appear self-contradictory to some, but it essentially says, “There are no absolute certainties; all certainties are relative.” This statement does not degrade any certainty we have. It simply means that one can always come up with a better certainty.

That is how science makes progress. Einstein declared the speed of light to be a universal constant. This is a certainty for now, but there possibly may be a wider context in which the speed of light is a special case.

Neither the absolute of zero nor that of infinity is possible. Any zero or infinity on a scale are relative only.

KHTK Logic 6: Absolutes are unobtainable.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 7: Gradient scales are necessary to the evaluation of problems and their data.

This is the tool of infinity-valued logic: Absolutes are unobtainable. Terms such as good and bad, alive and dead, right and wrong are used only in conjunction with gradient scales. On the scale of right and wrong, everything above zero or center would be more and more right, approaching an infinite rightness, and everything below center would be more and more wrong, approaching infinite wrongness. All things assisting the survival of the survivor are considered to be right for the survivor. All things inhibiting survival from the viewpoint of the survivor can be considered wrong for the survivor. The more a thing assists survival, the more it can be considered right for the survivor; the more a thing or action inhibits survival, the more it is wrong from the viewpoint of the intended survivor.

COROLLARY: Any datum has only relative truth.

COROLLARY: Truth is relative to environments, experience and truth.

One can understand gradients by looking at a number line between negative infinity and positive infinity. Between these two infinities is a zero that represents a reference point. The location of zero is arbitrary. The interval between two adjacent points on a number line can be infinitesimal meaning the number line is continuous.

The number line may act as a scale on which the two ends extending to infinity in opposite directions may represent a dichotomy, such as, good and evil, right and wrong, physical and spiritual, etc. Since the reference point of zero is arbitrary, any datum on this scale has only relative truth.

The above may be generalized to a multi-dimensional matrix. This generalizes the continuity of the gradient of a scale to harmony among different scales and consistency throughout the matrix. When applied to the universal data matrix this logic makes all knowledge a single set.

Truth, as perceived, is never absolute. However, it shall proceed from one logical state to the next in a continuous manner. The truth in an area shall be harmonious, and it shall be reflected in the consistency of observations throughout.

Thus, truth shall depend on the continuity, harmony and consistency of observations in an area. Determining the absolute truth may be an impossible task; but we shall definitely be able to restore truth in an area by resolving all discontinuities, disharmonies and inconsistencies.

The whole logical structure of the universe may be looked upon as a single truth. The universal truth may or may not be absolute, but it definitely acts as the context against which all other observation in the universe may be examined for truth.

KHTK Logic 7: Gradients exist among all elements of the universal data matrix of knowledge. These gradients are continuous, harmonious and consistent.

COROLLARY: A scale that extends to infinity at either end may be used to represent a dichotomy, such as, good and evil, right and wrong, physical and spiritual.

COROLLARY: Any discontinuity, disharmony or inconsistency among gradients indicates missing data.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 8: A datum can be evaluated only by a datum of comparable magnitude.

The value of a datum cannot be established by referencing it to itself. To do that the datum must be compared to a similar datum from a common reference point. This allows a gradient scale of logic to be established.

Two values when compared to each other have a gradient of values between them. Any discontinuity, disharmony or inconsistency in this gradient shall be a target for resolution. Such a resolution may bring up data that modifies the original values being compared and makes them consistent.

For example, the Western concept of God may be compared to the Eastern concept of Universal viewpoint. The resolution of any inconsistency may lead to a better understanding of both.

KHTK Logic 8: A datum can be evaluated only by a datum of comparable magnitude.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 9: A datum is as valuable as it has been evaluated.

The importance assigned to a datum because of agreement or lack of agreement, is arbitrary. The actual value of a datum comes from its comparison to other data with which it shares many of its characteristics. Its value assignment is influenced by the values assigned to those other data.

The correct evaluation brings certainty to the value assigned to a datum. And this determines the value of that datum. An unevaluated datum has no value.

KHTK Logic 9: A datum is as valuable as it has been evaluated.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 10: The value of a datum is established by the amount of alignment (relationship) it imparts to other data.

Now this is very interesting, as greater alignment means greater simplification in the understanding of data. The more alignment a datum would impart to other data the more basic and valuable that datum would be. The evaluation may even bring a better understanding and restatement of the original datum.

Axiom 1 of Scientology when properly understood may bring about a universal alignment of data. This may require a better statement of Axiom 1 itself. A better understanding of the Q’s, Logics, Factors, and Axioms of Scientology shall bring about better statements and greater alignment of data.

The greater is the alignment of data, the simpler it is to resolve any doubts and perplexities among surrounding data.

KHTK Logic 10: The value and statement of a datum is established by the amount of alignment (relationship) it imparts to other data.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 11: The value of a datum or field of data can be established by its degree of assistance in survival or its inhibition to survival.

Hubbard focuses on the survival of individuality, which is essentially the survival of the first dynamic. This ignores the survival of all other dynamics. Instead a focus on the survival of Eighth Dynamic (the Universe) includes the survival of all dynamics.

The Eighth dynamic (Universe) survives as well as all dynamics together, and this includes all first dynamics. Survival relates to the alignment of all effort vectors toward greater evolution and not on fixation on any particular form.

KHTK Logic 11: The value of a datum or field of data is established by the alignment it brings to the efforts toward greater evolution.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 12: The value of a datum or a field of data is modified by the viewpoint of the observer.

A person has a viewpoint constructed out of his considerations. These considerations become increasingly subjective as his viewpoint narrows. A narrow viewpoint increasingly entertains beliefs, fixed ideas, prejudices, etc. This modifies what he sees. He then acts on how things appear to him.

Therefore, a person’s viewpoint act as a filter when he is looking at data. When he is happy and optimistic, things look very different compared to when he is sad and pessimistic. Viewpoint, thus, modifies the value he assigns to a datum.

KHTK Logic 12: The value of a datum or a field of data is modified by the viewpoint of the observer.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 13: Problems are resolved by compartmenting them into areas of similar magnitude and data, comparing them to data already known or partially known, and resolving each area. Data which cannot be known immediately may be resolved by addressing what is known and using its solution to resolve the remainder.

Here the logics are self-explanatory.

KHTK Logic 13: Problems are resolved by extrapolating among known data using the principles of continuity, harmony and consistency. We start by extrapolating among data at the core that is comparable, and then extending this process to surrounding data.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 14: Factors introduced into a problem or solution which do not derive from natural law but only from authoritarian command aberrate that problem or solution.

Factors that derive from natural laws applicable to a problem are in alignment with the problem. Arbitrary factors that do not derive from the natural law are not in alignment with the problem. When such arbitrary factors are introduced into a problem or a solution by authoritarian command, then they end up making the problem more complicated and difficult to resolve.

KHTK Logic 14: Factors introduced into a problem or solution which do not derive from natural law but only from authoritarian command aberrate that problem or solution.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 15: The introduction of an arbitrary into a problem or solution invites the further introduction of arbitraries into problems and solutions.

With the introduction of an arbitrary the alignment of natural law is not only violated, but the violation is authorized to be there. Since this violation cannot be reverted, further data must be accommodated somehow. This then requires compromises. Therefore, further arbitraries are added to provide some semblance of alignment.

KHTK Logic 15: The introduction of an arbitrary into a problem or solution invites the further introduction of arbitraries into problems and solutions.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 16: An abstract postulate must be compared to the universe to which it applies and brought into the category of things which can be sensed, measured or experienced in that universe before such postulate can be considered workable.

There is only one universe that is continuous, harmonious and consistent throughout. Abstraction deals with the patterns that underlie the concrete universe. An abstract postulate will be a supposition relating to such patterns. One must be able to sense, measure, or experience such an abstract postulate before one can work with it.

KHTK Logic 16: To be able to work with an abstract postulate, one must first be able to be sense, measure, or experience it.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 17: Those fields which most depend upon authoritative opinion for their data least contain known natural law.

People holding authoritative opinions do not care about natural laws or about the alignment of data to natural laws. They may even consider those statements, which actually align with natural laws, to be arbitrary and reject them. An area of knowledge that is replete with authoritative opinions is the area of belief-based religion.

KHTK Logic 17: Those fields which most depend upon authoritative opinion for their data least contain known natural law.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 18: A postulate is as valuable as it is workable.

A postulate is something taken as self-evident or assumed without proof as a basis for reasoning. To be workable, a postulate must impart alignment to other data and be consistent with the natural laws of the universe. The postulate would then be found to be valuable.

KHTK Logic 18: A postulate is as valuable as it is workable.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 19: The workability of a postulate is established by the degree to which it explains existing phenomena already known, by the degree that it predicts new phenomena which when looked for will be found to exist, and by the degree that it does not require that phenomena which do not exist in fact be called into existence for its explanation.

The Scientology postulate “It is now considered that the origin of MEST lies with theta itself, and that MEST, as we know the physical universe, is a product of theta,” does require that phenomena which do not exist in fact be called into existence for its explanation. Theta and MEST are categorizations for convenience. They do not exist separately and independently.

KHTK Logic 19: The workability of a postulate is established by the degree to which it explains existing phenomena already known, by the degree that it predicts new phenomena which when looked for will be found to exist, and by the degree that it does not require that phenomena which do not exist in fact be called into existence for its explanation.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 20: A science may be considered to be a large body of aligned data which has similarity in application and which has been deduced or induced from basic postulates.

Scientific theories are postulated to explain existing phenomenon and to predict new phenomenon. These theories are continually updated when new phenomena is observed. Even the postulate may be updated. This happened when the Newtonian postulates were updated by Einstein’s theory of Relativity.

KHTK Logic 20: A science consists of a large body of aligned data and natural laws gained through observation and experimentation to help explain existing phenomena.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 21: Mathematics are methods of postulating or resolving real or abstract data in any universe and integrating by symbolization of data, postulates and resolutions.

These logics are self-explanatory.

KHTK Logic 21: Mathematics are methods of postulating self-consistent abstract patterns to help align observed and experimental data.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 22: The human mind is an observer, postulator, creator and storage place of knowledge.

The human mind by definition includes the awareness unit of the living organism, the observer, the computer of data, the spirit, the memory storage, the life force and the individual motivator of the living organism. It is used as distinct from the brain which can be considered to be motivated by the mind.

The human mind is a data matrix of experience supported by the hardware of brain. Its awareness of itself provides the sense of “I”. “I” acts as the reference point for the awareness of the surroundings (observer). The awareness boils down to the patterns underlying what is observed (postulates). Any anomalies (discontinuity, disharmony or inconsistency) are resolved creatively (creator). The well assimilated and indexed data matrix then provides data, reconstructed memory and conclusions upon demand.

KHTK Logic 22: The human mind is a data matrix of experience supported by the hardware of brain. It has self-awareness as “I” that acts as an observer. It recognizes anomalies and resolves them creatively. It reconstructs memory and provides conclusions upon demand.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 23: The human mind is a servomechanism to any mathematics evolved or employed by the human mind.

POSTULATE: The human mind and inventions of the human mind are capable of resolving any and all problems which can be sensed, measured or experienced directly or indirectly.

COROLLARY: The human mind is capable of resolving the problem of the human mind. The borderline of solution of this science lies between why life is surviving and how life is surviving. It is possible to resolve how life is surviving without resolving why life is surviving.

Hubbard is starting with the postulate that the human mind is capable of resolving the problem of the human mind without first outlining what the problem is. The problem of the human mind is that it keeps tripping over itself. It gets interiorized and fixated on itself and, then, it is unable to see things as they are. It must see things as they are before it can resolve anything.

The human mind is a self-aware matrix that is part of the much larger universal matrix. The universal matrix is evolving. This evolution comes about as the anomalies (discontinuity, disharmony and inconsistency) existing within the universal matrix gets resolved. The human mind is the engine that has been evolved to resolve these anomalies more rapidly.

The problem of the human mind is, then, to bring about its own evolution. This problem can be resolved only by continuing to resolve anomalies within the universal matrix as the mind becomes aware of them.

KHTK Logic 23: The very nature of the human mind dictates it to keep resolving anomalies in real time as it comes across them.

COROLLARY: The human mind is resolving the problem of the human mind by continuing to resolve the anomalies (discontinuities, disharmonies and inconsistencies) of the universe.

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SCIENTOLOGY LOGIC 24: The resolution of the philosophical, scientific and human studies (such as economics, politics, sociology, medicine, criminology, etc.) depends primarily upon the resolution of the problems of the human mind.

Philosophy, science and human studies are different areas of knowledge. They are part of the same universal matrix of which the mental matrix is also a part. The misalignments of the universal matrix may be resolved on a gradient with the approach suggested in Logic 7. With this resolution the problems of the human mind start to resolve also.

The problem of the human mind is the inability to see things as they are due to subjectivity. This subjectivity comes from the narrowing of the viewpoint. As the mind clears up its understanding of these broader subjects it broadens its viewpoint and starts to become more objective. With objectivity, the mind also starts to resolve the misalignments in these subjects and in the universal matrix.

As the universal matrix resolves, so does the deeper problems of the human mind resulting in the evolution of the mind. This approach is laid out in Subject Clearing.

KHTK Logic 24: The problems of the human mind resolve along with the resolution of the philosophical, scientific and human studies (such as economics, politics, sociology, medicine, criminology, etc.).

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Hubbard’s Note:

The primary step in resolving the broad activities of man could be considered to be the resolving of the activities of the mind itself. Hence, the Logics carry to this point and then proceed as axioms concerning the human mind, such axioms being substantiated as relative truths by much newly discovered phenomena. The ensuing axioms, from Logic 24, apply no less to the various “ologies” than they do to de-aberrating or improving the operation of the mind. It should not be thought that the following axioms are devoted to the construction of anything as limited as a therapy, which is only incidental to the resolution of human aberration and such things as psychosomatic illnesses. These axioms are capable of such solution, as has been demonstrated, but such a narrow application would indicate a very narrow scope of view.

Vinaire’s Comment:

The broad activities of man and the activities of the mind resolve in conjunction with each other. The data in these Logics is sufficient to start resolving the problems of the human mind through the process of Subject Clearing. The subsequent axioms are designed to bring about better understanding of the overall universal matrix and the mind that may further accelerate the resolution of the human problems.

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