The Factors # 3 to 5 (old)

Please see A Course on Hubbard’s Factors

Reference: The Factors

Here is a detailed review of Factors # 3 & 4 from the book Scientology 8-8008.

FACTOR # 3: The first action of beingness is to assume a viewpoint.

FACTOR # 4: The second action of beingness is to extend from the viewpoint, points to view, which are dimension points.

FACTOR # 5: Thus there is space created, for the definition of space is: viewpoint of dimension. And the purpose of a dimension point is space and a point of view.

The moment there is beingness, there is motion and emotion. The basis of motion is disturbed space. The basis of emotion is disturbed awareness. Therefore, the basis of beingness is made up of awareness and space. Prior to this moment there was neither space nor awareness.

The basis of beingness is awareness and space.

Awareness is metaphysical that extends through the dimension of abstraction to become space, which is physical. Space is the outer form of awareness. Awareness is the inner essence of space.

The emergence of awareness may be represented by a viewpoint. The viewpoint is made up of awareness itself in the beginning. Later the viewpoint may shrink to become only a part of awareness.

A viewpoint is the frame of awareness from which space is “viewed”.

The emergence of space may be represented by a dimension-point. The dimension point is made up of space itself in the beginning. Later the dimension point may shrink to become only a part of space.

A dimension point is the dimension of space that is “viewed”.

The viewpoint and dimension point are two different functions of beingness. These two aspects of beingness seem to be connected through the dimension of abstraction.

The inherent dimension of beingness is abstraction.


The moment beingness emerges it is capable of viewing itself. Here the observer and the observed are the same. We may, therefore, restate Factors # 3 to 5 as follows.

FACTOR # 3 (revised): The viewpoint represents the inner essence of beingnesses, which begins as awareness.

FACTOR # 4 (revised): The dimension point represents the outer form of beingness, which begins as space.

FACTOR # 5 (revised): The “spread” of beingness from viewpoint to dimension point is defined as the dimension of abstraction.


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