Numbers, in a crude way, seem to represent consciousness. In ancient times, the shepherd counted his sheep and, thus, accounted for them. That represented his consciousness of the number of sheep, whether all were there or if any were missing.

And so we have counting numbers that start with 1. The next number is obtained by adding 1 to a number. A person counts by calling out 1 for the first item, 2 for the second item, 3 for the third item, and so on. These numbers can be very large. For example, there are so many stars in the sky that it is difficult to count all of them.

Besides, a number may be dreamed up that is considered the largest. But, anyone may add 1 to that number to get a still larger number. Thus, there is no limit as to how large a counting number can be.

These **counting numbers** are also called **natural numbers** because they follow from the natural process of counting.

### NATURAL NUMBERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, …

### SMALLEST NUMBER = 1

### NEXT NUMBER = Number + 1

### LARGEST NUMBER = Undetermined

The natural numbers provide us with a sequence that may be plotted as follows.

Here each number represents a whole unit, and it is set apart equally from the previous number. These numbers go on for ever.

As commerce developed, need arose for numbers that could represent parts of a unit, such as half of a unit, or quarter of a unit. Half of a unit was written as 1/2 (one of two equal parts of a unit). Quarter of a unit was written as 1/4 (one of four equal parts of a unit). Three quaters was written as 3/4 (three of four equal parts of a unit).

Thus, fractions came to be written as ratio of two natural numbers. It was found that a natural number could be written as a ratio of itself and one. This new expanded set of numbers came to be known as **rational numbers**.

The fractions could be plotted on the number line before 1. A number and a fraction could be plotted between two natural numbers. For example, “one and a half” could be plotted between 1 and 2. In fact, it appeared that a rational number could be found for each and every point on the number line.

The consciousness of numbers had thus deepened and expanded greatly. It seemed at that point in time that rational numbers represented all possible numbers that could ever exist. A unit could be broken into smaller and smaller units making it possible to account for smaller and smaller quantities. This system seemed to provide an adequate abstraction for the unfathomable and intricate quantitative universe.

The rational numbers came to be regarded mystical by those at the forefront of research, such as the Pythagorean Brotherhood.

What happened next is quite mystical. Please see **Going Beyond Counting.**

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## Comments

Numbers ( can ) represent every countable sequence. The question is, is there a 1-to-1 map between your state of consciousness and the natural numbers? Can you assign a number to it? Given any number can you translate that back into a unique state of consciousness. – See http://mathematics-diary.blogspot.com/2011/02/what-is-your-number.html

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Man Becomes Genius After Head Injury

Sat, 28 Apr, 2012 – ABC News 3:52 | 8,055 views

Jason Padgett saw complex mathematical formulas after being violently mugged.

http://ca.news.yahoo.com/video/world-22186928/man-becomes-genius-after-head-injury-29117136.html

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