SCN 8-8008: FACTOR # 23 (old)

Project: A Course on Hubbard’s Factors

This paper presents Factor # 23 from the book SCIENTOLOGY 8-8008 by L. RON HUBBARD. The contents are from the original publication of this book by The Church of Scientology (1952).

The paragraphs of the original material (in black) are accompanied by brief comments (in color) based on the present understanding.  Feedback on these comments is appreciated.


FACTOR # 23. The universes, then, are three in number: the universe created by one viewpoint, the universe created by every other viewpoint, the universe created by the mutual action of viewpoints which is agreed to be upheld—the physical universe.

The universe viewed from the universal viewpoint is unique. All subjective viewpoints naturally converge to the universal viewpoint as anomalies (discontinuity, disharmony and inconsistency) are resolved. The objective universe results naturally from the clarity of the universal viewpoint. It has nothing to do with agreement.

Agreement has to do with different viewpoints looking at something the same way. Here, the viewpoints remain different except for some aspect that they are agreeing upon.  It is usually some opinion. It doesn’t necessarily mean clarity of observation. An example of this is the agreement that the earth is flat or that the earth is at the center of the universe.

KHTK FACTOR # 23: The physical and spiritual universes are the result of agreements among subjective opinions. On the other hand, the clarity of observations converges on an objective universe standing alone.



Agreement occurs only in terms of opinions held by the subjective viewpoints. Hubbard views the physical universe to be the result of agreement. That may just be the opinions about the universe that are being agreed upon such as given in the examples above. We may not know what the “physical universe” really is.

In fact, there may not be a physical universe independent of the spiritual universe, or a spiritual universe independent of the physical universe. There may just be a unique objective universe.


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