*Reference:** **Disturbance Theory*

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The field that fills the emptiness is a disturbance. Therefore it is full of **ACTIVITY**. This activity is expressed as continual oscillations between two states—electric and magnetic. We may refer to this activity as **ENERGY**.

This activity is made up of oscillations that are repeating themselves interminably at a certain rate. Each repetition is a **CYCLE**, and the rate of repetition is the **FREQUENCY. **Both cycle and frequency are properties of the field.

Each cycle of oscillation consists of the same amount of activity, or energy, regardless of the frequency. This fact leads to the phenomenon of quantization of energy. This is because only complete cycles are involved in interactions. Since the cycles may be counted, it appears that only discrete amounts of energy are involved in interactions.

The whole subject of Quantum Mechanics in physics is constructed from this phenomenon of quantization. The “amount of energy per cycle” is a very fundamental constant of the universe.

We may determine this universal constant by dividing the energy of the field by commensurate frequency **(E/f)**. This gives us the value, **6.626176 x 10 ^{-34}**

**joule-seconds**. This value is represented by the Plank’s constant

**‘h’**.

As frequency increases, the energy of the field also increases, and so does inertia. Thus, energy and inertia akways increase and decrease together.

This cycle of energy cannot be divided further into smaller cycles. Therefore, the Planck’s constant **‘h’** serves as the smallest unit of energy.

**The cycle of energy gives the appearance of a quantized (discrete) universe. However, the cycle is continuous in itself.**

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