*Reference: What Happened Before the Big Bang? The New Philosophy of Cosmology*

**First roundup**

- The concept of space lies at the foundation of physics.
- Space may be referred to as modern ether.
- Space is like undisturbed surface of a lake.
- Time enters as disturbance of space.
- The concept of spacetime applies to disturbed space.
- Disturbed spacetime appears as energy.
- Energy consists of a whole spectrum of frequencies.
- At extremely high frequencies energy condenses into matter.
**Space, time, energy and matter are not individually absolute and independent in themselves.**

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**Second roundup**

- Disturbed space appears like disturbed surface of a lake.
- Surface of a lake, when disturbed, breaks into “peaks” and “valleys”.
- Space, when disturbed, breaks into “electric” and “magnetic” fields.
- Disturbance propagates as electric and magnetic fields transforming back and forth.
- This back and forth transformation of the two fields has a frequency.
- Disturbed space is electromagnetic field vibrating at various frequencies.
- A vibrating frequency has a “wavelength” and a “period”.
- The “wavelength” and “period” occur in a constant ratio regardless of frequency.
- This ratio expresses a constant relationship between space and time.
- Both wavelength and period approach infinite values as frequency approaches zero.
**Theoretically, space is “electromagnetic field” of zero frequency.**

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**Third roundup**

- Undisturbed space has no motion.
- When space is disturbed, there is motion.
- Space and time are aspects of motion.
- Space is represented by wavelength, and time is represented by period.
- All motion occurs within space.
- The motion appears as varying electrical and magnetic fields.
**Space at zero frequency acts as reference point for all motion.**

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**Fourth roundup**

- The fundamental reality of undisturbed space appears to be continuous.
- When space is disturbed, discreteness enters in the form of frequency.
**Quantum Mechanics deal with reality as discrete.**- Integration using infinitesimals of space deals only with rigid space.
- Sine and cosine functions deal with the flexibility of space.
**Wave mechanics deals with reality as continuous.**

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**Fifth roundup**

- Universe expanding does not mean that space is expanding.
- It is more likely that the disturbance in space is expanding.
- This expansion must be occurring at the “speed of light” in all directions.
- “Volume” expansion of the universe would appear to be accelerating.
- The universe need not contract at the end of its cycle.
**This expansion of universe may simply peter out by disturbance petering out throughout.**

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**Sixth roundup**

- Spacetime is generated from the resonance of some primeval field.
- The primeval field may be viewed as some theoretical ground state.
- This model visualizes multi-layered spacetime produced from disturbances of the primeval field described above.
- Increasing disturbance generates increasing inertia (resistance to motion) in spacetime.
- Inertia generates discreteness such as that of photon. At sufficiently high disturbance levels, inertia generates particles with mass.
- At still higher disturbance levels, particles generated are of increased frequency and complexity, and of reduced velocity.
- Thus come about atoms, molecules, compounds, materials, and the solidity and location of planets in the universe.
- Higher frequency seems to equate with higher inertia and lower speed.

## Comments

Here is an interesting article:

What Happened Before the Big Bang? The New Philosophy of CosmologyIt seems that a theoretical undisturbed pre-spacetime field is there beyond space and time. Time slowly enters in the form of disturbance increasing gradually. The disturbance then advances in all directions and then diminishing gradually. This forms one cycle of the universe. This cycle is repeatable.

Therefore, it is not necessary that there be a big bang. We simply need to understand how disturbance comes about and then diminishes.

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You are correct to consider space as something rather than nothing.

Considering space rather than spacetime seems an unproductive direction as space and time are inextricably bound to one another. Motion cannot be understood in the absence of time. Disturbance cannot be understood in the absence of time.

Using too many known material similes to abstract the quanta processes occurring seems a mistake. For example modern ether and big bang. These mistakenly give the impression of understanding. They can be exploration stoppers.

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When we talk about something then it has to be something.

What is there pre-spacetime may be called anything. It is unknown. I postulate it as undisturbed space of zero frequency. But knowingness seems to start with disturbance.

We cannot explore what is pre-spacetime until we have explored everything up to that point. And that is my intention.

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V:”I postulate it as undisturbed space of zero frequency. But knowingness seems to start with disturbance.”

Your direction of thought seems to be following my own as I expressed several years ago: that awareness arose (awoke) within a space and that that awakening would have been precipitated by some disturbance at the boundary of that space, such as a contact with another area of space.

This premise leads to an ontology or cosmology that allows for the mother of all creations; the thing only the female can do: to make something out of nothing. 🙂

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CT:”Considering space rather than spacetime seems an unproductive direction as space and time are inextricably bound to one another.”

This is one of those ideas that you’ll need to shed or at least alter.

Time, in this universe, is more of an artifact (a residue) or apparency than an actual dimension as it is currently understood. Special relativity gives the clue to this with the phenomena of time dilation, but as that is next to impossible for most of us to observe we rely on Einstein, math and physicists to convince us.

Space and time are not

inextricablybound together: the same region of space could experience much time or little time all depending on conditions set up within it and around it.Here are two examples:

1) If you put a great deal of mass (let’s call it positive mass) into an area of space you can create a black hole; space shrinks and time will change as you approach the black hole. It will slow and come to zero at the event horizon of the bh. Cross that horizon and what you had thought of as space now changes and so does time. How? Well, that’s a six-pack topic.

2) If you take another kind of mass (let’s call this negative mass), the space around it will expand. What does time do in such an area? Another six-packer. (But an interesting one.)

These examples are why I say you’ll need to modify your ideas of time and space. Especially space. This physical universe can be completely modeled on geometries of space. Space looks like a static continuum but can just as easily be modeled as an oscillating background. If you’re interested I can give you a couple of equations that you can plug into Wolfram Alpha and see the changing complex waves become a static.

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From

The Philosophy of CosmologyThe philosophy of cosmology allows us to look at the big picture outside the constraints of general relativity or quantum mechanics. This leads to interesting conjectures such as the following:

(a) Spacetime is generated from the resonance of some primeval field.

(b) The primeval field may be viewed as some theoretical ground state.

(c) This model visualizes multi-layered spacetime produced from disturbances of the primeval field described above.

(d) Increasing disturbance generates increasing inertia (resistance to motion) in spacetime.

(e) Inertia generates discreteness such as that of photon. At sufficiently high disturbance levels, inertia generates particles with mass.

(f) At still higher disturbance levels, particles generated are of increased frequency and complexity, and of reduced velocity.

(g) Thus come about atoms, molecules, compounds, materials, and the solidity and location of planets in the universe.

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With disturbance of space come about time, energy and matter.

Space, time, energy, matter are, therefore, linked.

They are neither absolute nor independent of each other.

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