How to Spot a Liar

Pamela Meyer (2011)

“Lying is an attempt to bridge a gap, to connect our wishes and our fantasies, about who we wish we were, how we could be, with what we’re really like.”

I learned a lot from this video. I realized why people lie. It is the same reason why some people would not follow this policy about discussions:

Discussions and what needs to be avoided

“We’re against lying, but we’re covertly for it, in ways that our society has sanctioned for centuries and centuries.”


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  • Maria  On July 13, 2013 at 10:25 AM

    You would like this article Vinnie!

    Click to access Memory%20Distortions.pdf


    • vinaire  On August 31, 2013 at 6:03 AM

      Hi Maria, I am studying this article now.



  • vinaire  On August 31, 2013 at 6:14 AM

    Memory, as a recollection, is always a reconstruction and subject to changes from the original. These changes occur at the time of storage as well as at the time of retrieval. Please see



  • vinaire  On August 31, 2013 at 6:36 AM

    Schema = conceptual framework. The schema used by KHTK is as follows:

    Sensory input gets converted into a number of layers during storage, such as, Perception, Experience, Information, Hypothesis, Theory, Principles, Axioms, and Self.

    Self is the layer of identification.

    The contents of these layers are indexed with each other like a complex web and provide meaning to new sensory input.



  • vinaire  On August 31, 2013 at 7:02 AM

    We may experience how the contents are indexed in the mind, by letting the mind associate freely for a while.

    An interesting phenomenon occurs when one does that long enough. Items seem to emerge from this free association on which the attention is relatively fixed. These items could be concrete or anstract. They get ordered in the mind by relative degrees of fixed attention.

    The item with most fixed attention will appear at the top of the stack.



  • vinaire  On August 31, 2013 at 7:17 AM

    This conceptual framework (indexing of contents) in the mind seems to acquire a life of its own. It starts with sensory input but then it starts to give meaning to subsequent sensory input. That “meaning” may be manifested in different ways as follows:

    a. To provide expectations that help us learn
    b. To filter out event that do not fit these expectations
    c. To reconstruct memories to conform to these expectations



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