Higgs Mechanism

Higgs mechanism is the breaking of electroweak symmetry that makes some particles acquire mass. “Electroweak” means the electromagnetic and weak forces coming together. The electromagnetic forces maintain the equilibrium between the electronic and nuclear regions in an atom. The weak forces maintain the equilibrium among the nucleons within the nucleus. “Breaking of symmetry” means some very fundamental shift in interactions, which happens under certain conditions.

It appears that under certain conditions, part of the electronic region very close to the nucleus may condense to become part of the nucleus and vice versa. This is how mass is created or uncreated. This is Higgs mechanism in common English vocabulary. In other words, the frequency (consistency) of a layer of substance near the nuclear boundary may change so it gets converted into the next layer inside or outside the boundary. In other words, substance may condense or un-condense across the nuclear boundary. To discover that this actually happens is a big deal in Physics.



The layer of substance just outside the nucleus of an atom may condense 1836 times and become the substance just inside the boundary of the nucleus. The theory underlying Higgs mechanism, now substantiated by the discovery of the Higgs boson, shows that the possibility of this happening is consistent with reality.

In other words, the condensation of substance from electronic to nuclear region (and vice versa) is possible according to the Higgs mathematical theory,


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