The Nature of Electron & Charge

Reference: The Physics Book

Within the hydrogen atom, the  mass of the surrounding electron is 1/1836 times the mass of the embedded proton, while the volume of the surrounding electron is about 9999 times the volume of the embedded proton. The appears to be a kind of inverse relationship between the mass and volume of subatomic structures.

We postulate that, at the quantum level, the volume is inversely proportional to mass.

We notice that the mass density of electrons is so small that they do not have centers of mass, and the laws of mechanics do not fully apply to them. This also means that the electrons may not exist as discrete “particles” because they cannot be differentiated from one another due to lack of centers of mass. Electrons are more like a “thick” fluid.

The electrons flow like fluids and their mass density appears as their “viscosity.”

The electrons have both mass and fluidity. This generates the idea of electrons being “particles” and “waves” at the same time. But this is an anomaly only if we assume the electrons to be “discrete particles.” 

Electrons are neither discrete particles nor made up of discrete particles.

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The Position of Electron

Introduced first in 1927 by the German physicist Werner Heisenberg, the uncertainty principle states that the more precisely the position of some particle is determined, the less precisely its momentum can be predicted from initial conditions, and vice versa. There is further explanation available here.

Origins of Uncertainty principle – Possible Flaw

This principle has been applied to the location of an electron within an atom. But since the electrons are not discrete particles, instead they fill the atom like a fluid, they do not have locations. They simply have fluidity with certain viscosity. The quantum numbers assigned to electrons indicate patterns within their fluidity.

Not being discrete particles, the electrons do not have locations within the atom.

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The Boundary and Charge

The interface between the nucleus and the surrounding electronic fluid comes closest to being the matter-void boundary. At this boundary there is a sudden drop in mass density. This sharp gradient in mass is the source of charge. The charge is a surface phenomenon.

Charge may be compared to the “surface tension” as it exists in drop-like free sub-atomic particles, such as, protons and electrons.

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