## Another Look at Relativity The limitation of the theory of relativity is that it is matter-centric. It uses a frame of reference attached to matter. From this frame of reference, the theory of relativity looks at the speed of light, and assumes it to be constant since any variations are undetectable.

In matter-centric view, the speed is being measured with absolute notions of space and time. The movement of a disturbance, such as sound, is very different from the movement of matter. When sound travels through a material medium there is no net movement of matter particles. The speed of sound depends on the properties of the medium.

Light seems to be a disturbance in a field like medium. This medium, when disturbed, appears to have electrical and magnetic properties on which the speed of light depends. Thus light is a different phenomenon than matter and their respective “speeds” are not measuring the same parameter.

Light is energy. Its motion has a frequency, period and wavelength. Period and wavelength are expressed in the dimensions of time and space respectively. Per the theory of relativity time and space are not absolute but transformable into each other.

Since there is no absolute space or time the composite dimension of space-time seems to represent motion of light in terms of its frequency.

Light then exists over a large spectrum of frequencies in the dimension of space-time. Matter is likely to appear at the high frequency end of this spectrum because light seems to condense as its frequency increases.

Relative motion of any two points on this spectrum may be compared in terms of their frequencies. We know that the speed of light is many orders of magnitudes higher than the speeds associated with matter. Therefore, the relative motion seems to slow down as frequency increases.

The frequency of material objects may be calculated per de Broglie’s equation. The relativity of motion in terms of frequency is more appropriate as it is measuring the same parameter.

The Disturbance Theory of Light uses a frame of reference of space-time in terms of the frequency spectrum associated with energy and matter. Disturbance level zero (frequency of 2^0 or 1) acts as the reference point. The disturbance levels are based on the frequency of energy and matter expressed as powers of 2. Space-time relativity is calculated in terms of disturbance levels instead of velocities. Based on this frame of reference the radio waves are expected to travel faster, and X-rays slower than the speed of visible light.

Here we see matter simply as a disturbance of very high frequency and much slower “speed”. The Disturbance Theory of Light opens the door to the investigation of the “speed” of light as a function of its frequency.

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Here are some conjectures that needs to be investigated:

(1) Light seems to follow a curved path whose radius seems to depend on its frequency. The higher is the frequency, the smaller seems to be the radius of the path.

(2) The increased curvature of the path seems to make the speed appear slower.

(3) Very high frequencies are likely to make the radiation curve upon itself making the net speed appear zero.

(4) Extremely high frequencies seems to be involved in the formation of the nucleus of an atom. Relatively lesser frequencies shall form the electronic shells around the nucleus.

(5) Radii of electronic shells exhibit quantum properties since whole numbers of wavelengths must be accommodated in the surface area of the shells.

(6) The frequency of incident light must match the frequency of the electronic shells of the atom in some way to knock out electrons from the atom.

(7) Electrons do not exists as such in the electronic shells of an atom. They are formed only when some interaction occurs.

(8) It appears that wave-like motion displays particle-like properties only when frequency-based interaction takes place. An example of this is a standing wave. It is similar to vapor condensing into water.

(9) It may be said that the photoelectric effect condenses electromagnetic waves into electrons through some frequency-based interaction.

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• vinaire  On November 28, 2014 at 5:49 AM

Planck used Bose-Einstein statistical equation to empirically come up with the curve that duplicated the experimental results. Then he had to think up a reason why that worked. I think that because the statistical equation applied to distribution of particles, Planck assumed energy to behave like particles. That is how the idea of energy quanta was born.

However, I believe that energy quanta is formed only at the point of absorption and emission. It does not exist otherwise. And energy quanta is formed because of some kind of interaction that requires integral numbers of wavelengths, such as, in the case of standing waves.

• vinaire  On November 28, 2014 at 6:12 AM

I am revisiting this area to ferret out unwarranted assumptions.

I wonder if electrons exist as such in the electronic shells of an atom, or if they are formed only when some interaction occurs.

I wonder if photon exist as such in radiation, or if they are formed only when some interaction occurs.

Our observations are dependent only on the outcome of the interactions. Any extrapolation beyond that is a conjecture and needs to be verified. So, I doubt if electrons exist in atom. It may simply be a case of electrons being formed when free radiation interacts with bound radiation within the atom. The electronic region of the atom could simply be an electromagnetic wave curving upon itself and forming a standing wave. Quantum levels in electronic shells may simply be due to standing wave phenomenon.