Matter, Space and Time

According to the observations presented in the previous chapter, matter is a continuum in space. Any appearance of matter being discrete comes from its energy interactions with our senses and measuring instruments.

How does matter as a continuum affect the concepts of space and time?

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Matter and Space

Complete void appears to be an abstraction, but there is reality of “empty space”. The difference between void and empty space is that void is the absence of all substance, whereas, empty space is empty of solid matter only. It is not empty of electronic substance and radiation. Space that is filled with solid matter, defines the extents of that matter. We may extend this definition to all space. We may define space as “the extents of the continuum of substance”. According to this definition space cannot exist without the continuum of substance. It would simply become void, an abstraction.

Current physics treats space as an abstract, mathematical entity. This “space” is fundamental, and it cannot be defined via other quantities. But we shall postulate space as follows.

Space is the extent of the continuum of matter.

Space thus varies in its nature depending on the consistency of substance it contains. We can now visualize Einstein’s space expanding, contracting, curving and twisting.

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Matter and Time

When we measure time, we measure the duration of something. The duration of the universe is infinite because matter can neither be created nor destroyed. Therefore, matter in itself has infinite duration. However, matter has changing forms, and these forms can have varying durations.

The most fundamental attribute of matter is its consistency, which gives it a form. As covered in the previous chapter, matter thins out continually from solid, impenetrable nucleus to electronic substance to radiation, to void. Matter of highest consistency appears in the nucleus of an atom, or in the black hole at the center of the galaxy. This matter is at the upper end of the spectrum of substance. It has the highest duration. At the lower end of the spectrum is radiation at the edge of the void. This radiation shall have near infinite wavelength and the least duration.

Matter shall appear at the beginning of its duration, stay for its duration, and disappear at the end of that duration. When we see this process occurring in space at consecutive locations, we have motion. This means that the solid, impenetrable form of nuclear matter shall stay at a location in space forever, and the flimsiest form of radiation shall be moving most rapidly from one location to the next in space.

Thus, time as duration is directly related to the consistency of matter and inversely related to the inherent motion of matter. We may sum it up as follows:

(1) Matter has inherent motion.

(2) The inherent motion decreases as the consistency of matter increases, and vice versa.

(3) Absolute rest is associated with the infinite duration of matter of infinite consistency.

(4) Infinite velocity is associated with the infinitesimal duration of radiation of infinitesimal consistency.

Thus, time is directly associated with matter. We may say that

Time is the duration of the continuum of matter.

Time thus varies in its nature depending on the consistency of matter or substance. We can now visualize Einstein’s time dilating and shrinking.

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Space and Time

As defined above space and time are properties of the continuum of matter. Both space and time acquire their primary characteristic from the consistency of matter. Space and time, therefore, are not independent of each other.

(1) The highest consistency of matter appears in the nucleus of an atom, or in the black hole at the center of the galaxy. At this level of the spectrum, space is completely solid and impenetrable. Time at each location is “forever”. There is no motion.

(2) The lowest consistency of matter appears in the radiation at the edge of the void. At this level of spectrum, space is the flimsiest and completely penetrable. Time at each location is completely “flighty”. There is infinite motion.

This fundamental motion is different in nature than the relative motion we observe in the movement of solid objects in space. The solid objects are near infinite in duration in themselves, but the duration of their positions relative to each other is changing.

The fundamental motion and the relative motion occur at two very different levels.

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