Physics, Objectivity and Subjectivity

ReferenceA Logical Approach to Theoretical Physics

As explained in the preface, the very fact that the fundamental theories of physics cannot be reconciled indicates that there are basic assumptions underlying physics that are inconsistent with reality.

Physics starts with the concepts of matter and void. These two concepts are then expanded upon throughout the development of physics. Therefore, our search for assumptions should start with how matter and void have been conceived and expanded upon.

The starting concept in classical physics is matter. All other concepts are derived from the idea of matter. For example, mass is the “density” of matter, kinetic energy is the “motion” of matter; potential energy is the “tension” in matter; momentum is the “impact” of matter.

Classical physics deals with matter up to the concept of atom. Beyond atom we encounter the constituents of atom and their characteristics.  These are dealt by quantum physics. A sharp break in reality occurs at this transition from classical to quantum physics because the characteristics of matter do not seem to continue beyond atom. Beyond matter, atom and quantum particles, of course, there is void.

The concepts of matter and void, at the transition from classical to quantum physics, needs to be investigated for assumptions.



Physics takes pride in being objective. The word objective is derived from object that has the sense of “something perceived”. Objectivity requires consistency among what is observed and not just agreement on what is postulated to explain those observations.

Objective reality is not only made tangible through physical perceptions of sight, touch, hearing, taste and smell, but it is also made logical by the mental perceptions of continuity, harmony and consistency. The objective reality is that which has been tested and verified and cannot be argued with. It is the same for all people because all known inconsistencies have been resolved.

When we say that physics is objective, we mean that there is a natural continuity, harmony and consistency among all its observations, interpretations and conclusions.



Physics tries to resolve subjectivity. The word subjective is derived from subject that has the sense of “open to inspection”. It is characterized by inconsistencies that still need to be resolved. As inconsistencies are resolved the subjective reality becomes increasingly objective.

Subjectivity exists when there is difficulty in obtaining direct observations, so gaps are filled with educated guesses and, sometimes, with outright assumptions. Such guesses and assumption must always be open to inspection. Trouble comes when things that are subjective are closed to inspection, mainly by agreement among physicists.

Inconsistencies among theories, lack of proper definitions, and disagreements among physicists are strong indicators of subjectivity that needs to be resolved.


Sensing of Phenomena

Physics depends on our sensing of physical phenomena around us. The physical phenomena impact our physical senses. This impact is defined by its force.

Fundamentally, we sense nature through its force.

We, therefore, recognize matter through its force. Matter is as substantial to us as it is forceful. This gives us the recognition of matter as a substance.

A substance is something substantial enough to be sensed.

This leads to the recognition of light also as a substance because it is substantial enough to be sensed. With that understanding we may start to resolve the break in reality from classical to quantum physics since light is a constituent beyond atom.

The above definition of the word substance may help us resolve the current difficulties in physics.


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