Obsolete: Disturbance Theory of Space

See: BOOK: The Disturbance Theory

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Einstein stated in a note to the fifteenth edition of “Relativity – The Special and General Theory” by Albert Einstein:

“In this edition I have added, as a fifth appendix, a presentation of my views on the problem of space in general and on the gradual modifications of our ideas on space resulting from the influence of the relativistic viewpoint. I wished to show that space-time is not necessarily something to which one can ascribe a separate existence, independently of the actual objects of physical reality. Physical objects are not in space, but these objects are spatially extended. In this way the concept of “empty space” loses is meaning.” – A. Einstein, June 9th, 1952

The Disturbance Theory of Space came about as an effort to understand Einstein’s thoughts on the nature of space. Einstein’s used the philosophical basis that the natural laws are consistent across all inertial systems. The Disturbance Theory uses the philosophical basis that reality is harmonious, and discontinuities and inconsistencies do not exist in nature,

The Disturbance Theory proposes the following model based on the conjecture that electromagnetic phenomenon results from disturbance of space. The salient points of the Disturbance Theory are as follows.

  1. “Space – energy – matter” is a continuous system. The electromagnetic spectrum defines the fundamental character of energy. This electromagnetic spectrum starts with space and ends in matter.

  2. As the frequency of energy spectrum approaches zero, energy approaches condition of undisturbed SPACE. The undisturbed space is analogous to the undisturbed surface of a lake.

  3. Space, when disturbed, splits into electric and magnetic fields. Ripples of these fields appear in the form of electromagnetic waves of finite frequency, much like ripples on the surface of lake when disturbed.

  4. The undisturbed space does not have bounds and hence it has no form. When disturbed, space acquires bounds in the form of “wave-length” and “period” of the electromagnetic wave.

  5. The disturbance exists in its electromagnetic form. The undisturbed space forms the background of this disturbance; it does not exist otherwise.

  6. The “period” represents change in space, and it is an aspect of SPACE. Period introduces TIME. This makes time an aspect of space.

  7. Thus, space and time are bound to each other by the ratio of wave-length to period of the disturbance. Einstein assumed this ratio to be the constant speed of light “c”.

  8. Thus, time is not independent of space as assumed in Newtonian physics.

  9. Physical space is, therefore, not empty but it essentially consists of disturbance. The form of this disturbance is electromagnetic. We may refer to physical space as a “disturbance field”.

  10. The “disturbance field” covers the electromagnetic spectrum of frequency. The wavelengths and periods within this field are proportional to each other, but inversely proportional to the frequency.

  11. Areas consisting of uniform frequency in this field appear as areas consisting of uniform motion or constant velocity.

  12. Areas consisting of gradients of changing frequency in this field appear as areas consisting of accelerated motion or gravity.

  13. As the frequency of energy spectrum approaches extremely high values, the condition approached is matter.

  14. Areas in the disturbance field of extremely high frequencies have the characteristics of extremely small wavelengths and periods. We have used them as “material points in space”. We now recognize them as atoms.

  15. The current science views physical reality from the reference point of matter. This is so because the concept of “dimensionless” point, which forms foundation of mathematics used in physics, is abstraction from the material point of extremely small wavelength.

  16. In reality, a material point, which marks a location in space, is not dimensionless but has dimensions equal to de Broglie’s wavelength for matter. The Euclidean geometry is a good approximation of physical reality only in a material medium.

  17. A physical point in “empty space” will have dimensions equal to wavelength of disturbance in that region.  It cannot be approximated by a dimensionless Euclidean point.

  18. The physical location in the uniform regions of the disturbance field of space shall be symmetrical in the four dimensions of space-time. A lot more work needs to be done on the concept of physical point or location.

The essays following this one shall be devoted to a comparison of Disturbance Theory of Space to Einstein’s ideas contained in Appendix 5: “Relativity and the Problem of Space”.

We shall then make effort to resolve any inconsistency found in order to improve the Disturbance Theory of Space.

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Comments

  • vinaire  On November 17, 2015 at 5:46 PM

    In my view, “speed of light” is a misnomer because there is nothing moving. Light is best compared to a ripple of disturbance. There is no mass moving. Therefore, to compare the “speed of light” to “speed of mass” is comparing apples to oranges.

    The constant “c” is best interpreted as a ratio of wavelength to period. To say it is constant is to say that space and time are not absolute but dependent on each other.

    The concept of space derives from the dimensions of objects. Space exists only as a background to objects. The concept of time derives from changes in objects. Time exists only as a background to changes in objects. Change in object is an aspect of object and it is not independent of the object. Therefore, Time is an aspect of Space and it is not independent of Space. This is the basic idea of special relativity. It looks at space-time as a single continuum.

    According to de Broglie, mass also acts a wave. If we look at the wavelength and period associated with the mass-wave, we shall find its ratio also to be “c”.

    The “speed of mass” is simply motion relative to other masses. A uniform velocity of mass is no different from “rest” in another inertial system. Acceleration of mass simply contributes to gravity associated with the mass.

    So, anybody imagining a mass hurtling down in space at the speed of light should brush up on the theory of relativity.
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