Category Archives: Metaphysics

Research Data




Physics Research

Philosophy Research

Mindfulness Research

Meditation Research

A Scientific Approach to Meditation

Buddhism Research

Scientology Research

Auditing Notes

Education Research

Religion Research

Psychology Research

KHTK Research

Science Index

Subjects in General


Atoms, Points and Souls


I believe physical energy to be primitive. Extents of this energy appear as space. We may express this energy as the spectrum of fluid-like electromagnetic radiation that gradually becomes thicker as the frequency increases. Convergence of high frequency electromagnetic radiation produces the electronic shells of the atom. The electronic shell condenses to produce the nucleus of atom.

Similarly, I see mathematical abstraction of dimensions to be primitive. Extents of this abstraction appear as geometrical space. This abstraction seems to converge to form a neighborhood that condenses as a “dimensionless” point. In my view, the dimensions of space represent a continuum in which locations are precipitated. A location is, therefore, somewhere between space and “dimensionless” point. The location cannot be defined in terms of a dimensionless point. It can only be defined in terms of a “point-with-dimension”.

When one thinks in terms of point-with-dimension, or a “location-with-dimension”, then the idea of “at two places at once” goes away. Anything within a “location-dimension” has the same location. This explains the confusing phenomenon of entanglement.

Similarly, I see spiritual awareness to be primitive. Extents of this awareness appear as spiritual space. We may expect to have a whole spectrum of awareness. This awareness converges to form the consciousness, which then condenses as a soul.

This is how I see the framework of these relationships.

Tertium Organum, Chapter 9 (Perception of Dimensions)


The following is my summary of Chapter 8 of Tertium Organum by P D Ouspensky.

How do we perceive the world?

When we look at a solid we see its surface only. The actual perception of solid is a composite sensation of surfaces, weight, mass, density, resistance, etc. We perceive a solid through a combination of senses, which includes the mental sense as well.

We are easily subject to optical illusions when we focus only on the optical sensation and do not integrate that sensation logically with other sensations. Optical illusions thus teach us that, in order to perceive what is there, we need to learn to combine all our senses in a logically consistent manner, and not neglect any one of them.

The ability to perceive correctly requires the ability to combine various senses logically into concepts.

Lower animals possess only sensations. Higher animals possess sensations and representations. Representations are visual sensations of individual objects. Representations have an emotional quality associated with them, which is driven by pleasure and pain. This emotional quality dominates the perception of animals, and expresses itself as instincts. Animals follow these instincts in their actions.

In the absence of concepts animals combine their senses using a logic that is based on emotional quality. This logic, however, relies heavily on the memory of representations. It is thus limited and not helpful in the face of new phenomenon. Animals may not have the visual perception of depth because it takes concepts to perceive the third dimension.

Man possesses sensations, representations and concepts. As perceptions converge into concepts, their emotional quality is replaced by a rational quality. Concepts make it easier to combine the senses logically using a rational basis

Lacking concepts animals see the third dimension as time-phenomena and not something constant. Animals may thus perceive this world in two-dimensions only. Lower animals may even lack the representation with emotional quality that higher animals possess. They may perceive this world only in one dimension.

The perception of the dimensionality of the world may very well depend on the stage of evolution of a life organism.

The Logic of Duality


Reference: The Logic of Truth

In this essay we are going to look at the logical structure of the universe. A logical universe shall be a universe that is consistent throughout. It shall have a ring of truth to it simply because it is consistent.

In the process of looking at the universe logically we are bound to run into inconsistencies. We shall look at each inconsistency more closely and see where they would lead us to if we resolve them.

The very first inconsistency that comes up about the nature of the universe is. “Is this universe basically an expression of duality or non-duality?”

Everywhere we see opposing concepts—such as, ‘night and day’, ‘good and evil’, ‘man and woman’, etc. Actually, the question above itself is an expression of duality. Any concept seems to brings about an opposite concept. Can we then conclude that this universe is an expression of duality?

“Not so fast,” says the non-dualist, “Non-duality points to the idea that the universe and all its multiplicity are ultimately expressions or appearances of one essential reality.” It is asserted that there is a reality that transcends the opposites.

How can we grasp that reality conjured up by the non-dualist?

A logically consistent universe shall be made up of states that proceed from one state to the next in a consistent manner leaving no gaps.

On a number line, the value of a number changes from one point to the next in a consistent manner without any gaps.  The number line extends in a consistent manner from negative infinity to positive infinity.

Is the concept of number the “one essential reality,” which expresses itself in the duality of negative and positive infinities?

Let us consider the duality of ‘night and day’ of the real universe. We find that night is changing into day, and day is changing into night with the steady rotation of earth. We notice the continuously varying characteristic of illumination, which expresses itself in the extremes of night and day.

Is illumination that “one essential reality,” which expresses itself in the duality of night and day?

We shall see a duality when we focus on the extremes and do not take into account the continuously varying nature of some attribute of the universe. The bigger is the gap between two points on the scale of that attribute, the more is the likelihood that those points shall appear as opposites.

So, duality appears when we focus only on the extreme states of a varying characteristic. Duality disappears when we recognize the characteristic that is varying continuously.

Thus we settle the argument about the essential nature of the universe by taking a mindful approach to looking at the “opposites” more closely.


The Logic of Truth

Logic of Universe

Truth, as perceived, is never absolute. Truth is perceived from one logical state to the next logical state in a relative manner only. The smooth transition of truth from one step to the next is the harmony that qualifies the truth.

The harmony of truth reflects in the consistency of observations from one moment to the next. When the consistency is missing in observation then there is probably some truth hidden somewhere.

One may have no idea of what the absolute truth is; but one can definitely spot inconsistency when it is present. There is a built-in sense within us that flags inconsistencies.

When we are searching for truth it does not really matter whether that truth is absolute or relative. We just want to discover the missing step, which is causing the inconsistency in one’s observation. When we find that missing piece of truth, the consistency in observation is restored.

Looking for absolute truth may be an impossible task. But looking for consistency in observation is feasible.

Maybe if we start seeking consistency in everything, we may ultimately reach the absolute truth. That is a hope and not certainty.

There may be many levels of consistency in what we observe. Once we have achieved a certain level of consistency, we may know intuitively that there must also be consistency at a deeper level of abstraction. We may now become aware of new inconsistencies at deeper levels. And so we look for deeper truth to attain deeper harmony within ourselves.

Thus, truth is not just one-dimensional affair. Truth is probably two-dimensional, or even multi-dimensional. This may point to the universe having a multi-dimensional logical structure as we see in the subjects of mathematics and philosophy.

The whole logical structure of the universe may be looked upon as one single truth. That truth may be absolute, or maybe not, but it can definitely provide a context in which the relativity and interconnection of all other truth could be seen.

Knowing this overall logical structure of the universe may lead us to the absolute truth.

The absolute truth may be a moving target, but the strategy outlined here, at least, gives us a workable approach toward it.

Also See: The Quest for Certainty