Atman to Paramatman

The Nature of Reality: Ishwara-Brahman-Atman-Paramatman

Reference: Course on The Bhagavad Gita

The evolution of Atman to Paramatman seem to occur as follows:

  1. Before one can understand “self-awareness” and “self-regulation” the understanding of “self” is necessary.
  2. That “self” is made up of ATMAN and JIVATMAN.
  3. Jivatman requires Atman to exist.
  4. Atman does not require Jivatman to exist.
  5. Atman is neither born nor it dies.
  6. Jivatman suffers birth and death.
  7. Jivatman is subject to a life cycle, Atman is not.
  8. Atman energizes Jivatman and the life cycle.
  9. Jivatman is part of the life cycle.
  10. Atman is a constant from one life cycle to the next.
  11. The variables of a life cycle are: (a) Time, (b) Space, (c) Form, (d) Body, (e) Mental machinery, (f) The blue print of body-mind system, (g) the ‘I’
  12. The blue prints of body-mind system mix through genes and vary from one life cycle to the next.
  13. The ‘I’ evolves through the blue-prints of the body-mind system.
  14. The body-mind system has flaws in terms of fixations. These flaws appear as different I’s.
  15. As the fixations are removed, the I’s converge toward a STATIC VIEWPOINT.
  16. The current task of evolution is the resolution of fixations and the development of the static viewpoint.
  17. That static viewpoint has been visualized as the ‘I’ of the Bhagavad Gita.
  18. The ‘I’ of the Bhagavad Gita has become an expression of Atman as PARAMATMAN.
  19. This Paramatman is postulated across all life cycles, just like the speed of light is postulated across all inertial frames.
  20. This Parmatman is infinite. It is always out there yet to be achieved but never fully achieved.



Atman (Sanskrit) is translated as SELF.

Paramatman (Sanskrit) is translated as SUPREME SELF.

Jivatman (Sanskrit) may be translated as THE INDIVIDUAL SOUL.


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  • vinaire  On September 11, 2021 at 10:10 AM

    Atman is the universal viewpoint; whereas, Paramatman is the static viewpoint. Atman (the universal viewpoint) is evolving towards Paramatman (the static viewpoint). This evolution is taking place through cycles of Jivatmans.

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