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## Electric charge – Wikipedia

Electric charge is the physical property of matter that causes it to experience a force when placed in an electromagnetic field. There are two types of electric charges: positive and negative (commonly carried by protons and electrons respectively). Like charges repel and unlike attract. An absence of net charge is referred to as neutral. An object is negatively charged if it has an excess of electrons, and is otherwise positively charged or uncharged. The SI derived unit of electric charge is the coulomb (C). In electrical engineering, it is also common to use the ampere-hour (Ah), and, in chemistry, it is common to use the elementary charge (e) as a unit. The symbol Q often denotes charge. Early knowledge of how charged substances interact is now called classical electrodynamics, and is still accurate for problems that don’t require consideration of quantum effects.

An electric charge seems to be an eddy in an electromagnetic field that has a higher frequency compared to the surrounding field due to its rapid rotation. Dimensionally, the charge is same as mass. It has lesser frequency than mass.

NOTE: Per dimensional analysis provided by Maxwell, a charge has same dimensional characteristics as mass.

[M] = [Q] = [L3-2]

[L3-2] amounts to “area x acceleration”, which may be interpreted as a two dimensional electromagnetic wave front propagating in the third dimension. Maybe such a wavefront is responsible for the production of light, charge and mass.

The two types of electric charges are at the opposite ends of a frequency gradient. The negative charge forms the higher frequency eddy. It is therefore more concentrated and appears as a particle. The positive charge is the immediately surrounding field of lower frequency. The frequency gradient between negative and positive charge acts as an attractive force. Two similar frequency gradients repel each other.

Absence of net charge means there is no net frequency gradient.

The electric charge is a fundamental conserved property of some subatomic particles, which determines their electromagnetic interaction. Electrically charged matter is influenced by, and produces, electromagnetic fields. The interaction between a moving charge and an electromagnetic field is the source of the electromagnetic force, which is one of the four fundamental forces (See also: magnetic field).

Charge is part of the makeup of a subatomic particle. It is conserved like mass is conserved. The charge does not produce the electromagnetic field. The charge is an eddy within the electromagnetic field. The electromagnetic force is the frequency gradient in the electromagnetic field.

Twentieth-century experiments demonstrated that electric charge is quantized; that is, it comes in integer multiples of individual small units called the elementary charge, e, approximately equal to 1.602×10−19 coulombs (except for particles called quarks, which have charges that are integer multiples of (1/3) e). The proton has a charge of +e, and the electron has a charge of −e. The study of charged particles, and how their interactions are mediated by photons, is called quantum electrodynamics.

Electric charge is represented by the electron. The electron is an eddy in the electromagnetic field that has a stable configuration. The charge is quantized in the form of electrons. Quarks are theoretical as they have not been observed so far.

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