## See: BOOK: The Disturbance Theory

##### Reference: Disturbance Theory

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We are used to looking at space and time from the perspective of matter. Galileo, Newton and even Einstein launched their theories using a material reference frame. When Einstein looked at space and time closely he started to realize that a more fundamental basis than matter was space-time.

To study space and time from the viewpoint of matter is backwards. Space and time are more fundamental. They have no inertia, whereas matter has inertia.  It is more logical to study matter from the basis of space and time. Attempts of the theory of relativity to study space and time from a material basis has led to strange concepts, such as, “length contraction” and “time dilation”. Both Inertial and Non-inertial reference frames have a material basis. We may categorize them as material reference frame (MRF).

If Einstein had lived longer he, definitely, would have developed a non-material reference frame based on field to understand space, time, energy and matter. Such a reference frame would devoid of inertia. We may call such a basis the space reference frame (SRF). It is interesting to note that the moment we shift our basis from MRF to SRF, the strangeness associated with space and time disappears.

Space has no inertia, but something is there. We know that the speed of a wave is determined by the properties of the medium in which it is traveling; and not by its frequency or wavelength. Maxwell determined that the speed of light could be determined by the electromagnetic properties in pure space.

But the problem was the belief that a medium without inertia was not possible. A very fine medium with material like properties was postulated in late 19th century to explain light as a wave. It was called “ether”. However. “ether” was found not to exist by the famous Michelson-Morley experiment. This led to Einstein’s theory of relativity.

The theory of relativity acknowledges the constant speed of light in space. It even acknowledges the electromagnetic nature of light. Furthermore, it implies that matter is “condensation” of electromagnetic energy per the equation E = mc2. But it continues to measure the speed of light using matter as its reference frame.

Can inertia-less space be used as the reference frame?

By light, we don’t just mean the visible light. It refers to the whole electromagnetic spectrum from low frequency radio waves to very high frequency gamma rays. The question arises, “How low can the frequency of electromagnetic radiation go? Can it go all the way down to zero? What does that imply? Does the electromagnetic phenomenon arise due to a disturbance of space? ”

The moment we consider that the electromagnetic phenomenon emanates from space rather than from matter it becomes possible to use space as the reference frame. This is the basis of the Disturbance Theory.

The Disturbance Theory postulates that space breaks into electric and magnetic fields when disturbed.

The electromagnetic phenomenon as “disturbance of space” has a large range of frequencies and wavelengths. This range is represented by the electromagnetic spectrum consisting of radio waves, microwaves, infra-red light, visible light, ultra-violet light, X-rays and Gamma rays. Since the spectrum extends over a very large range of frequencies, it may be managed more conveniently as Disturbance Levels on a logarithmic scale of base 2 (similar to octaves).

### n                                 2n

The disturbance levels of some of the electromagnetic frequencies and particles are as follows

### Earth…………………………~ 235.6

If the Electromagnetic spectrum originates from space then it seems to end in “matter”. This seems to be evident as we look at the structure of the atom. Let’s visualize walking from the center of atom outwards towards its boundary.

At the center of the atom we find the nucleus, which is made of protons and neutrons. The disturbance levels of these nucleons are in upper gamma range. When this nucleus is disturbed it emits gamma rays. Here we seem to be looking at the upper end of the electromagnetic spectrum as “matter”.

Immediately surrounding the nucleus is the region of electrons. The disturbance level of electrons is at the beginning of the gamma range. There is a high gradient (large step change) of disturbance levels from the electrons to the nucleons. This probably points to a sharply defined boundary of the nucleus separating it from the electronic region.

Immediately surrounding the electronic region of the atom there seems to be an electromagnetic field.  This is similar to the electric field surrounding an electron. Again there is a high gradient of disturbance levels from the electromagnetic field to the electronic region. This probably describes the boundary of the atom.

The electromagnetic field continues beyond the atom and lessens in its disturbance levels until it becomes the space itself. This way the whole electromagnetic spectrum from space to matter seems to be demonstrated in the structure of the atom.

Atoms thus appear like tiny whirlpools of electromagnetic phenomenon in space when we visualize them in the space reference frame (SRF).

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• Chris Thompson  On March 26, 2017 at 7:20 AM

It is a good summation of our discussions.

I have not stimulated any interest in this subject on Quora. I have in fact gotten crosswise with the moderators. I seem to not express this question of “pure space” in a way to stimulate any discussion.

I think Quora is a phenomena of our culture where consensus opinion is granted the same status in our knowledge as scientific fact.

• vinaire  On March 28, 2017 at 8:57 PM

As space is disturbed it breaks into electric and magnetic fields. This appears as light. When this “space ripple” spreads out it appears as if light is traveling through space. Light is the secondary effect. The primary effect is the disturbance in space.

Light is, therefore, a space wave rather than an electromagnetic wave. It is disturbed space that shines as light.

• vinaire  On March 28, 2017 at 9:32 PM

A wave is a disturbance of the medium it is traveling in. There is no other substance other than the medium. A ripple in the pond is a “water wave” whose speed depends on the properties of water. Sound in air is an “air wave” whose speed depends on the properties of air. Light in space is a “space wave” whose speed depends on the properties of space.

A ripple (water-wave) is accompanied by cyclic changes in water surface. A sound (air-wave) is accompanied by cyclic changes in air pressure. A light (space-wave) is accompanied by cyclic changes in space characteristics.

• vinaire  On March 28, 2017 at 9:34 PM

Electric and magnetic properties are characteristics of space. It is my conjecture that gravitational properties arise from high gradient in electromagnetic frequencies in space.

Mass and inertia starts to develop in the gamma range of the electromagnetic spectrum. Here electromagnetic energy starts to “condense” as mass.

The speed of a particle in SRF (space reference frame) declines with inertia. The heavier is a planet or star the closer is its speed to zero in SRF.

• vinaire  On March 28, 2017 at 9:54 PM

If two ripples on the surface of a pond are traveling in opposite directions, then their relative speed from the reference of the water medium is twice the speed of the ripple on water surface.

If two sound waves in air are traveling in opposite directions, then their relative speed from the reference of the medium of air is twice the speed of sound in air.

If two light waves in space are traveling in opposite directions, then their relative speed from the reference of the medium of space (in SR) is twice the speed of light in space.

• vinaire  On March 29, 2017 at 5:09 AM

In late 19th century, ether was postulated as the medium for the propagation of light. Since light was assumed to be an electromagnetic wave, ether was assumed to be rigid to electromagnetic waves, while it was completely permeable to matter.

In the SRF model, light is a “space wave” that is accompanied by electromagnetic properties of disturbed space. This disturbed space appears as light at medium frequency, and as matter at very high frequency in gamma range.

There is no need to postulate that ether is rigid to electromagnetic waves. Electromagnetic field appears only when space is disturbed. It does not travel through space. Only the disturbance travels through space. Electromagnetic field appears and disappears at a location in space as the disturbance passes through it. So, space pushes the disturbance forward through its electromagnetic properties.

There is no need to postulate that ether is completely permeable to matter. Undisturbed space does not display electromagnetic properties and it has no inertia. Very high frequency space (matter) displays electromagnetic properties that are condensed into mass (as in the structure of atom). As mass “moves” relative to space, it requires space to go from no frequency to very high frequency throughout the mass. This creates resistance. This resistance appears as inertia. The higher is the mass, greater is the inertia. Thus, space is not completely permeable to matter.

There is an illusion of space being permeable to matter because we see matter gliding through space. But the matter is NOT moving through space when its velocity is constant, even when it is moving relative to another mass. Mass is moving through space only when it is accelerating. A mass gliding at the velocity of light but not accelerating, is not moving relative to space.

There is a limit to which a mass may be accelerated (moved relative to space). This limit is set by its inertia. Two masses moving relative to each other at constant velocity are both at zero velocity relative to space. The maximum relative velocity of two masses shall be limited by their inertia. As long as a particle has inertia, its maximum relative velocity to another mass will be less than the speed of light. Therefore, no mass can ever travel at the speed of light.

• vinaire  On March 29, 2017 at 5:35 AM

In a wave, the medium does not move, only the disturbance moves. The medium of light is the electromagnetic field generated by the disturbance of space. This electromagnetic field of disturbed space does not move, only the disturbance in it moves.

Matter is basically a very high disturbance of space. An atom is like a whirlpool in space. It is stationary relative to space. For it to move through space, space has to jump from no disturbance to very high disturbance because it is the pattern of disturbance that is passing through space. This generates resistance that is viewed as INERTIA.

Thus, inertia and mass are phenomena of a very high gradient of electromagnetic disturbance. This may help understand the phenomenon of gravity.

• vinaire  On March 29, 2017 at 2:12 PM

A quantum particle basically represents the unit “discreteness” of a field and not that of matter. It is not as discrete as a material particle. For example, the quantum particle of light is a photon. This is a single oscillatory cycle of space-wave that is accompanied by an electromagnetic field. The energy of a photon is represented by the Planck’s constant “h”. The photon is part of a continuous wave being one of its cycles. This handles the controversy of the wave-particle duality.

• vinaire  On March 29, 2017 at 3:33 PM

The following is very interesting. It shows that “light consists in undulations of the same medium that is the cause of electric and magnetic phenomena.” I am postulating this medium to be space.

“James Clerk Maxwell began working on Faraday’s lines of force. In his 1861 paper On Physical Lines of Force he modelled these magnetic lines of force using a sea of molecular vortices that he considered to be partly made of aether and partly made of ordinary matter. He derived expressions for the dielectric constant and the magnetic permeability in terms of the transverse elasticity and the density of this elastic medium. He then equated the ratio of the dielectric constant to the magnetic permeability with a suitably adapted version of Weber and Kohlrausch’s result of 1856, and he substituted this result into Newton’s equation for the speed of sound. On obtaining a value that was close to the speed of light as measured by Fizeau, Maxwell concluded that light consists in undulations of the same medium that is the cause of electric and magnetic phenomena.”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luminiferous_aether#Electromagnetism

• vinaire  On April 2, 2017 at 6:59 AM

Here is the morning meditation about what is similar between Kant and Einstein.

“https://vinaire.files.wordpress.com/2017/04/032417-problem-of-mrf.m4a”

NOTE: To play the audio file, please copy and paste it without the quotes in a new tab (window).
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